Early and strong feeling of being gay orand identifying with the opposite

Early and strong feeling of being gay orand

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Early and strong ‘feeling’ of being gay or/and identifying with the opposite gender Twin studies show moderate heritability ‘brother’ effects or ‘fraternal birth order’ effect; siblings (males) with more older brothers have higher chance of being gay However, biological factors do not account 100% for sexual orientation, nor for diversity in the expression of homosexuality across cultures Cultural influences on what is attractive: -what is supposed to turn them on -which parts of the body and what activities are erotic/repulsive Changes Across Generations - Meta-analysis (Wells and Tweng, 2005) Examined 530 studies conducted between 1943 and 1999, addressing changes over time in young peoples: -sexual activity -average age of first intercourse -number of sexual partners -guilt about sex -attitudes toward premarital sex Greater number of young people participating in oral = pre 1970s: 45-50% post 1970s: 69-70% Average number of partners: no significant change Social desirability?
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Motives Behind Sexual Behaviors - Men and women have sex go satisfy many different psychological motives including: Pleasure Security Intimacy The partners approval Peer approval Attain a specific goal - Motives for consenting to unwanted sex vary were the most willing to consent to unwanted sex, especially if they feared their partner was less committed - Securely attached women also had unwanted sex: To gain experience Satisfy curiosity Satisfy partner - Gender roles have become more alike and women have become more economically independent As such, the sexual behavior of both have become more alike Women want sex for pleasure rather than as a bargaining chip Chapter 12: Motivation Motivation Defining Motivation o A process within a person or animal that causes an organism to MOVE Toward a goal or away from an unpleasant situation o Approach Avoidance Conflict (google this??) o Include Biological Drives, but cognitive factors also play a large role in humans Ex: Desire to reach a certain goal o An inferred process within a person or animal that causes movement toward a goal or away from an unpleasant situation Types of Motivation o Intrinsic Motivation Is the desire to do something for its own sake or for the pleasure that the activity itself brings The pursuit of an activity for its own sake Ex: o A runner is motivated to exercise because it makes her feel good and energized o Extrinsic Motivation IS the desire to do something for external rewards The pursuit of an activity for external rewards, such as money or fame Ex: o Money, good grades, etc o Whether your motives are intrinsic or extrinsic affects: How readily you meet your goals
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How satisfied meeting them can make you feel Motivation of Eating o At one time, psychologists thought that being overweight was a sign of emotional disturbance o If you were overweight, it was because you: Hated your mother Feared intimacy
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