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Furthermore, the research design is essential when investigating the cause-effect relationship between dependent and independent variables in cases that do not allow randomization and manipulation of variables. Similarly, the design is suitable, since it was possible to manipulate the independent variable. There are two types of ex post facto study: the group study and the correlation study (McCusker & Gunaydin, 2015). The correlation study involves determining the relations that exist between the independent and dependent variables. Notably, the approach presents the third type of variable, known as the control variable. The advantage of the correlation study is that it tends to meet the needs of the researchers, more so in situations where the experimental approachis impossible. Importantly, researchers indicate that the ex post facto type of research design is essentialin cases where the researcher explores the possible cause-effect relationships. The design is feasible for this study because it aims to investigate the relations between workplace safety and health and employee retention.Research DesignThe research took the causal approach. At Sun Coast Company, it is predicted that there is a correlation between retention and the condition of the workplace in terms of safety and health. Hence, its main goal will be to investigate the poor conditions of the workplace that are responsible for low employee retention at the organization.
16UNIT VII SUN COAST RESEARCH REPORTResearch MethodsRagin (2014) discussed the comparative methods of going beyond the qualitative and quantitative analysis of data. Accordingly, the present research will bear a quantitative relative and a design that will correlate with the study of the secondary data. It will aid in the listing down of hypothesis and data collection that will support or decline support of the hypothesis. The relevant information has been collected on an instrument that will measure attitudes, and the resulting report was presented by employing procedures that are statistical and test the hypothesis.The correlational design will address the formulated research Questions One, Two, and Three. The collected data will be analyzed to identify the impact and the relationship of the problems encountered at the Sun Coast. For instance, it will investigate if there is a relationship between particulate matter size and the health of an employee, the effectiveness of safety, and health training programs. Lastly, it will determine if the training of new employees is taking place within the speculated time already mentioned.There are several steps, and the phase will be a causal-comparative design that will be used in addressing research questions four, five, and six. The main reason for the choice of this method is that it gives a comparison of the two or more groups in terms of the cases that have already taken place. It establishes whether or not noise levels expose employees to a higher levelof decibels if lead levels in the employee's blood have increased before or after the period.