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Ex. her husband is normally quiet but had enough one day and told loud people to shut upIntegrity tests – focus specifically on a pre-disposition to engage in theft and other counterproductive behaviors Ex. could ask same question multiple times and see if person answers same each time-Clear purpose tests ask applicants about their attitudes toward dishonesty, beliefs about the frequency of dishonesty, endorsements of common rationalizations for dishonesty, desire to punish dishonesty and confessions of past dishonesty oEx. have you ever stolen anything?-Veiled purpose tests assess more general personality traits that are associated with dishonest acts
Chapter 10 – AbilityAbility refers to the relatively stable capabilities people have to perform a particular range of different but related activities / ability is relatively stable and are a function of both genes and the environment Written Expression: memos, letters, reports, notes, emails, etc. -Advantages: accurate and leaves a permanent record of the exchange, can be referenced-Disadvantages: inhibits feedback due to burden of the process of preparing a physical date / considerable delay can occur in clarifying message meaningsCognitive Abilities – capabilities related to the acquisition and application of knowledge in problem solving Verbal Ability refers to various capabilities associated with understanding and expressing oral and written communicationOral comprehension – ability to understand spoken words, and sentences (can you put your thoughts into words?)Written comprehension – ability to understand written words and sentencesOral expression – ability to communicate ideas by speakingWritten expression – the ability to communicate ideas in writing oVerbal abilities most important in jobs which effectiveness depends on understanding and communicating ideas and info to othersQuantitative ability refers to two types of mathematical capabilities Number facility: simple math operationsMathematical reasoning:ability to choose and apply formulas to solve probs that involve numbers Reasoning ability is actually a diverse set of abilities associated with sensing and solving probs using insight, rules and logic -Problem sensitivity: ability to sense that there’s a problem right now or likely will be 1-Deductive reasoning: refers to the use of general rules to solve problems-Inductive reasoning: the ability to consider several specific pieces of information & then reach a more general conclusion regarding how those pieces are related -