Arab turnout in elections remains higher than general

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Arab turnout in elections remains higher than general turnout from 1951-1977; 2/3 voted for Arab parties – changes in 80s and 90s Arabs are grossly underrepresented in social services but is growing; number of Arab judges is also increasing Today about 21% of population is Arab ; this is interesting because Jewish population has grown very dramatically – a 10 fold increase happened due mostly to large scale migration, Arab population went from 150,000 to 1.8million in Israel which is even faster rate of growth since no large scale immigration into Israel This is mostly due to natural population growth; large birth rate – the big transformation of Arab life came in 1960s due to 6 day war – this war had the effect of reuniting Israeli Arabs across border into west bank, initial policy of keeping bridges open to Arab world into west bank meant Arabs were no longer cut off from Arab world Also although Arabs may be at a disadvantage since a minority, they suddenly found their Arabic gave them an advantage since they speak Arabic, they now became hired by Israel as a middle man, became successful business men due to access to cheap labor in west bank – 1950s to 1960s Arabs were recovering from the Nakba (defeat in 1948) and were trying to find a place for themselves in the rapidly growing Jewish state Topic 11: War of 1956 – 2/27/18 - America’s interest was to befriend neighbors and protect Russian penetration in the area - Britain wanted to protect oil interests in middle east, and protect ownership of Suez canal; was not easy to manage canal, Britain felt required British management and the canal itself (few hundred yards
wide) required protection which had place along side holding British police Both Britain and America came up with project Alpha ; plan to remove problems between Israel/Arab conflict: 1) Israel cut Arab world in half and would be resolved if Israel gave triangle piece of territory to both Egypt and Jordan at Negev 2) Israel would also take some of refugees and the great powers would take the rest 3) Israeli borders would be guaranteed by the international community and great power Israel never accepted, but the Alpha plan was THE plan in the 1950s, dies in August of 1955 American policy was to control arms flowing in the middle east; they are also pursuing good relations with Nasser (1954) – in 1955 US believed could established good relations, however, Nasser is tired the west wont supply with power – September 1955 Nasser concludes deal with USSR for weapons, these arms would have destabilized the region Israel was concerned over this imbalance; goes to America and asks for arms – given negative answer in March 1956 ; at the same time Nasser tightens the blockade in Strait of Tiran Strait of Tiran is considered international; however, only deep passage is near Egyptian territory – Egyptian naval guns could easily prevent Israel ships from moving; Nasser blocks both naval passages and air traffic flying south in region; Conflict is building End 1955/beginning of 1956, activists in particular Mushed (one eye man)

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