40 Other good practices included facilitating community development through the

40 other good practices included facilitating

This preview shows page 22 - 24 out of 77 pages.

40 Other good practices included facilitating community development through the MAPP, and empowering women from poor areas through vocational and leadership training. These practices enhanced project effectiveness. C. Efficiency in Achieving Outcome and Outputs 36. Overall, the project can be rated efficient in achieving its intended outcome and outputs. Economic analysis at the supplementary loan appraisal stage assessed EIRRs ranging from 10.3% (Indore) to 38.2% (Jabalpur) for water supply projects, from 10.5% (Jabalpur) to 32.8% (Indore) for sewerage projects, and from 19.4% (Gwalior) to 39.7% (Bhopal) for solid waste projects. On completion, economic analysis showed that all projects are viable with EIRRs mostly exceeding the benchmark rate of 12%. Only two of the 10 completed subprojects have an EIRR lower than 12%.The EIRRs of the water supply projects ranged from 10.7% (Indore) to 28.6% (Bhopal), of the sewerage projects from 10.1% (Jabalpur) to 12.5% (Bhopal), and of the SWM projects from 15.9% (Jabalpur) to 35.3% (Indore). 41 However, at project completion the EIRRs were marginally lower than at appraisal mainly due to cost increases (1.6% 86.5%) and implementation delays of 2 4 years, which is below the sector average delay of 5 years. A notable exception is the Indore water supply subproject, which achieved significant O&M cost savings. Details of the economic analyses are in Appendix 8. D. Preliminary Assessment of Sustainability 37. Overall, the project is rated likely sustainable . This is based on the assessment that the state government is committed to implement financial reforms and until such time that the reforms are fully achieved, the municipal corporations 42 have the necessary available funds in the form of grants as well as income from their own sources for the O&M of most of the created assets, although they have not yet dedicated funds for this purpose. The sustainability of the AIF and CIF components is assessed as highly likely. The, strong sense of ownership of the communities that maintain the facilities, enhanced capacities of ULBs, and empowerment of beneficiaries indicate this likelihood. The sustainability of SWM in Bhopal and Indore is likely, as the cities have introduced waste disposal 39 Software for designing water and sewer networks was procured to ensure that the PMU and PIUs could access drawings based on lessons learned from previously implemented ADB projects. 40 In all four municipal corporations, annual accounts were compiled through FY2014. 41 The sewerage project in Indore and SWM project in Gwalior were dropped and hence not evaluated on completion. 42 Based on annual financial statements from the last 5 years and projections for the next 10 years.
Image of page 22
13 13 charges for a section of consumers, and charges will be introduced in Jabalpur in the coming year.
Image of page 23
Image of page 24

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 77 pages?

  • Summer '10
  • KeithSmith

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask ( soon) You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors