Final phone calls final meal etc all happen while on

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Final phone calls, final meal, etc, all happen while on death watch Final meal can only cost up to $40 Ingredients must be purchased locally Night of the execution Get given their final meal and have final religious services Lethal injection is the most common method used in every state Combination of 3 drugs used: Barbiturate - calms the person down, slows heart rate Neuromuscular paralytic - paralyses the muscles Potassium substance - stops the heart from beating Florida executioner is a private citizen who gets paid $150 Backups plans include electric chair, firing squad, gas chamber Note: We’ve changed our methods of execution over time in order to try to be more humane Hanging → Firing squad → Electric Chair → Lethal Injection Other Methods of Execution Utah uses firing squads as a secondary method of execution, 5 people, 20ft away 2010 is when they took a break from using it and it came back in 2015 30 calibre rifles, only 1 is a live round Nevada started thinking about using the gas chamber in 1924 5 states have the gas chamber as an option Nitrogen is pumped into the chamber meaning there is no oxygen to breath Oklahoma is the closest state to using the gas chamber. In 2015 they declared it as their backup plan Electric Chair First used in 1890 in New York In direct response to looking for a more humane method than hanging
Backup option in many states Anywhere from 500 to 2000 volts of electricity in 30 second intervals Hanging Was the method mainly used until 1890 Last person executed by hanging was in 1996 in Delaware Fill a potato sack with sand to mimic the person’s body shape and weight Named the rehearsal April 15th The Debate over the Death Penalty Reasons for supporting Retribution Most commonly cited reason in support of capital punishment Incapacitation Execution is a public safety tool that is necessary Deterrence Used to be cited all the time as a strong reason for support Actually, having executions do not deter murder, or violent crime in general Reasons for opposition Expensive Capital cases are different since day one. From public defenders to longer trials, it’s very expensive Ineffective It doesn’t have a deterrent effect Cheapens life Conveys the message that life isn’t important and doesn’t matter An answer to violence is more violence (?) Discriminatory Males and minorities are far more likely to be executed Court Cases Regarding Capital Punishment Witherspoon v. Illinois (1968) “Capital cases must have death-qualified juries” Must be more careful when selecting a jury for a death-penalty case Special juries in capital cases Furman v. Georgia (1972) Executing someone isn’t unconstitutional but the process was unconstitutional Process was “cruel and unusual” Basically there was a lack of transparency and would do things differently from defendant to defendant This decision placed a moratorium on capital punishment temporarily
Gregg v. Georgia (1976) Georgia created a bifurcated (Guilt phase and sentencing phase) trial in response to the 1972 case. Jury will decide in both parts

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