the reinforcement side of the equation rebates can be offered for installing

The reinforcement side of the equation rebates can be

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the reinforcement side of the equation, rebates can be offered for installing insulation, or buying energy-efficient appliances or cars, and tax breaks can be given to companies that take steps to preserve the environment. from a behavioral standpoint, it is also important for people to set their own goals for recycling, since this way they will be more likely to meet the goals. In addition, families, work groups, factories, and dorms that receive feedback, on a weekly basis, about how much they recycled, typically recycle more. Recycling is also more effective when entire families participate, with some family members (usually mom, of course) reinforcing the recycling behavior of other family members. We also know that people are more likely to continue recycling if they feel a sense of satisfaction (reinforcement) from helping protect the environment. Add Question Here Question 237 Essay 0 points Modify Remove Question A teacher wants her students to study steadily across the semester. What kind of schedule of reinforcement could she put her quizzes on in order to produce a steady rate of responding, and explain why this schedule would be more successful than the schedule that most quizzes and tests are on? Answer Answer may vary, but will probably include the use of pop quizzes that would put the students on a variable interval schedule in which they would not know the day of the week that a quiz might occur and would have to study each night before the class. A variable interval would produce a steadier rate of responding as opposed to the scheduled quizzes, which are on a fixed interval schedule and tend to result in students studying only the night before the scheduled quiz. Thus, instead of the student studying only once every two or three weeks on a fixed interval schedule, they would be studying at least two or three times per week with a variable interval schedule. Interval schedules are usually used for tests, rather than ratio schedules, since tests must occur after a passage of lecture time. Add Question Here Question 238 Essay 0 points Modify Remove Question Describe three problems that occur as punishment increases in severity. Answer Answer includes the following three problems. Because punishment is aversive (painful or uncomfortable), people and situations associated with punishment tend, through classical conditioning, to become feared, resented, or disliked. A second major problem is that aversive stimuli encourages escape and avoidance learning. In escape learning, we learn to make a response in order to end an aversive stimulus. Avoidance learning is making a response in order to postpone or prevent discomfort. For example, children who run away from punishing parents (escape) may soon learn to lie about their behavior or to spend as much time away from home as possible (avoidance responses). A third problem with punishment is that it can greatly increase aggression. Generally speaking, punishment is painful, frustrating, or both. Punishment, therefore, sets up a powerful environment for learning aggression. When spanked, a child may feel angry, frustrated, and hostile and will be more
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