3.Determine RelevanceHow did the location of the Axis powers in Europe contribute to their defeat?4.Draw InferencesWhat factors besides ending the war in the Pacific might have contributed to President Harry Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bomb?●Writing About HistoryQuick Write: Make an OutlineOnce you have a thesis and have gathered research on your topics, you must choose an organi-zation. Some choices are compare and con-trast, order of importance, chronological, and cause and effect. Using one of these organizations, create an outline for the fol-lowing thesis statement: The atomic bomb was a decisive weapon in World War II.Hiroshima in RuinsThe atomic bomb reduced the center of Hiroshima to smoldering ruins (top left), but the full effect of the bomb would take years to materialize. A woman (above) pays respects to the victims of the atomic bomb at the Memorial Cenotaph in Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima. A cenotaph is a monument that honors people who are buried elsewhere.determining that it would save American lives, he decided to use the newweapon against Japan.At the time, Truman was meeting with other Allied leaders in the cityof Potsdam, Germany. They issued a warning to Japan to surrender orface “complete destruction” and “utter devastation.” When the Japaneseignored the warning, the United States took action.Utter DevastationOn August 6, 1945, an American plane dropped anatomic bomb over the city of Hiroshima.The bomb flattened four squaremiles and instantly killed more than 70,000 people. In the months thatfollowed, many more would die from radiation sickness, a deadly after-effect of exposure to radioactive materials.On August 8, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan and invadedManchuria. Again, Japanese leaders did not respond. The next day, theUnited States dropped a second atomic bomb, this time on the city ofNagasaki.More than 40,000 people were killed in this second explosion.Finally, on August 10, Emperor Hirohito intervened, an action unheard offor a Japanese emperor, and forced the government to surrender. OnSeptember 2, 1945, the formal peace treaty was signed on board the Ameri-can battleship Missouri,anchored in Tokyo Bay.What strategies did the Allies use to end the war with Japan?