Tunnel vision about an issue blinds members to

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tunnel vision about an issue; blinds members to consequences of their actions Agents of Socialization : Social institutions, groups, organizations & individuals (family, friends, media) Family is the most influential; dysfunctional families can contribute to social problems School: where children develop their academic self images o School & functionalist perspective: school performs important functions; socialization, values, social control o School & conflict perspective: hidden curriculum perpetuates social inequality; double standards b/c rules are applied differently to children of different classes o Manifest function: acquiring knowledge we need; reading, writing o Latent function: manners, timeliness, leadership roles Resocialization: Learning new norms, values and attitudes to match new situations Occurs every time we learn something new, can be voluntary or involuntary Total Institutions: A place where people are cut off from society and are under control of those who run the place ie. jail; stripping away a person’s freedom and previous identities o Typically start with degradation ceremonies : attempt to remake the self by taking away the individual’s current identity and replacing it with a new one o Social control is maintained through reward and punishment Limits of Socialization: “Human mind is a social product composed of the I and the Me” -Mead I: self as a subject; active, spontaneous, creative Me: self as an object; comes from social interaction, socially defined Part of the self (the I) is not socially created o Humans have the capacity to resist social pressure/forces (this produces social change) Human Agency: ability to individually/collectively resist social pressures & provide social change Human Responsibility: we are products of socialization but we also make choices
Deviance: any behaviour that violates social norms regardless of their seriousness Acts considered acceptable in one culture can be deviant in another it is not the act itself but the reactions to the act that make something socially deviant ” -Becker Crime: any social behaviour designated by the law as criminal and subject to penal sanction Definitions of crime change over time (adultery, homosexuality, etc) What a society deems as deviant depends on; o whose behaviour it is o who is affected by it o in what context it occurs Sociologists focus on what types of behaviour are defined as deviant, who does the defining, how society deals with deviants, why people become deviant Theoretical Explanations of Deviance: First school of criminology was the school of Demonology o Associates crime with sin, people commit crimes under influence of demons o Therefore, people aren’t responsible for behaviour/crimes because they lack control o Trephining: to release evil spirits Classical School: Based on Social Contract Theory (Canada’s social justice system) o Idea that individuals give up freedom and in return the state protects their lives o Punishment should fit crime (no horrific torture) o

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