Fungi are source of i antibiotic and related products

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Fungi are source of: (i) antibiotic and related products (antitumor and antiviral)
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Table 2: Fungi and antibiotic, antitumor and antiviral products Fungus Antibiotic and Related Products Cephalosporium acremonium Cephalosporin Aspergillus fumigatus Fumagillin Fusarium coccineum Fusidanes (Fusidic acid) Penicillium griseofulvum Griseofulvin Helminthosporium siccans Siccanin Mucor ramannianus Ramycin Isaria kogana Helvolic acid Penicillium notatum and P. chrysogenum Penicillin Aspergillus versicolor Sterigmatocystins (inhibits the effect of leukaemia Myrothecium Verrucarins and Roridins (antifungal and antitumor) Fusarium spp Anguidins (antileukaemia) Penicillium diverticulum Trihydroxytetralones (antitumor)
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Continuation (ii) Drugs, food supplements, tonics and immunoregulators such as Azathioprine, Cyclosporin, Corticosteroid, Ergot products from Trichoderma polysporum, Cylindrocarpon lucidum, Apergillus fumigatus and Claviceps spp respectively, (iii) biochemical, metabolites including entheogens (hallucinogens or psychoactive substances that induce any spiritual experience), organic acids, acohols, vitamins, enzymes, polysaccharides and hormones,
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Continuation Fungi serve as health food and highly priced diets in many parts of the world e.g. mushrooms ( Pleurotus, Lentinus, Auricularia, Volvariella, Schizophyllum, Cantharellus, etc ), Yeast fungi are valuable in the brewing, baking, beverage and cheese-making industries, and general food processing. Use in agriculture as biocontrol agents of plant diseases, growth factors (hormons) and biofertilizers, Fungi are ecologically phenomenal in helping in both global nutrient, sedimentary and carbon cycles, Popular in bioremediation of polluted soils and waters, effluents, sewage. They are also useful for the biometabolism of lignin, cellulose, metalic ions, pesticides residue
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Fungus Product Type of Product Candida spp Citric acid, ketoglutaric acid, Isocitric acid, Itaconi acid Organic acid Aureobasidium pullulans, Saccharomycopsis Gluconic acid Penicillium chrysogenum, Aspergillus niger Gallic acid Rhizopus stolonifer Fumari and Lactic acids Saccharomyces spp., Torulopsis magnoliae Glycerol Alcohol Endomycopsis capsularis, E. chodat Arabitol Candida lipolytica Mannitol Sclerotium rolsii Scleroglucan Polysaccharide Aureobasidium pullulans Pullulans Aspergillus spp Levans Aspergillus oryzae, A. niger, Amylase, Proteases, Pectinase, Anthocyanase,Catalase, Hemicellulase, Amyloglucosidase Enzyme Penicillium emersonii Beta-glucanase Trichoderma spp Cellulase Mucor spp Lipase and Glucose Isomerase Rhodotorula Carotene Vitamin Ashbya gossypii, Candida flareri, Pichia guilliermondii Riboflavin Saccharomyces cerevisae Ergosterol Torulopsis utilis, Fusarium roseum, Rhodotorula Amino acid Amino acid Table 3:Tabulated examples of derived products from fungi
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Exercises 1. State the characteristics (not less than 5) that fungi shared with animals.
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  • Nature, Candida, Fungi Union

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