alcohol was put on all IV needleless connector (central, peripheral and IVtubing)430 bed tertiary care trauma center, all patients in 13 inpatient units.Retrospective study 12 months before and after the intervention. Jan 2011 – Dec2012.Data was collected using Poissondistribution. Rate of infection decreased by >40% with the use of disinfectant cap.Decreased in CLABSI was associated by using disinfectant cap on IV needleless connectors in addition to using standardcentral line bundle and other aspect ofprevention e.g.insertion, dressing change.The study was conducted in13 inpatient units. Ramirez, C., Lee, A. M., & Welch, K. (2012). Central Venous Catheter Protective Connector Caps Reduce Intraluminal Catheter-Related Infection. Journal of The Association for Vascular Access, 17(4), 210-213. doi:10.1016/j.java.2012.10.002Nonrandomized prospective trialAll central lines with dead-end connectors were covered with protective caps saturated with alcohol.214 bed community hospital, >1,500 central lines, all patient in 2 ICUUnpaired t-test were used to campare the data from 12 months before the trial start with the 12 months of the trail.75% reduction of CLABSI in the ICU unit.No randomization was attempted.Introducing the cap was the only changes made to the process of inserting and caring for the lines.The study was conducted ina single facility and on 2 ICU only.Voor in ’t holta, A.F., Helderb, O.K., Vosa, M.C., Schafthuizenc, L., Sülzd S., Hoogene, A. & Istaf, E. (January 18, 2017) Antiseptic barrier cap effective in reducing central line-associated bloodstream infections: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 69 (2017) 34–40. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.01.007Systematic review and meta-analysisSeveral database were searched, Embase, Medline Ovid, Web-of-science, CINAHLEBSCO, CochraneLibrary, PubMed Publisher and Google Scholar1537 articles were identified,18 were read and 9 studies were included.
- Fall '19