Individual member sits on critical information and

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individual member sits on critical information and doesn’t share it with the group (Greitemeyer, et al, 2006) COLLECTIVE INFERENTIAL THINKING Inferences – conclusions about the unknown based on the known o Making inferences is not a problem in itself, it is a natural process of the mind Prevalence of the problem o Individuals are inclined to make inferential errors, magnified in groups POLARIZATION Group polarization is the group tendency to make a decision after discussion that is more extreme, either riskier, or more cautious than the initial preference of the group members COMBATING POLARIZATION Encourage wide range of discussion Have variety of material to consider
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Have a devil’s advocate – consider opposing viewpoints Discuss issues openly GROUPTHINK Groupthink – a mode of thinking that people engage in when they are deeply involved in a cohesive ingroup, when the members strivings for a unanimity override their motivation to realistically appraise alternative courses of action (Rothwell, 2010) GROUPTHINK – PRIMARY SYMPTOMS Overestimation of Group’s Power and Morality Illusion of Invulnerability Unquestioned belief in the inherent morality of the group CLOSE-MINDEDNESS Rationalizations Negative stereotyped views of the enemy Pressures toward Uniformity Self-censorship of the contradictory opinion Illusion of unanimity Direct pressure applied to deviants Self-appointed mindguards PREVENTING GROUPTHINK Recognize groupthink when it first begins Minimize status difference Seek information that challenges emerging concurrence Develop norm that legitimizes disagreement
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