Communication barriers: These barriers can also be referred to as information barriers because they occur when a person is incapable of decoding information efficiently. For example, websites that cannot conveniently be accessed by the blind. Effects of the above-mentioned disability barriers Attitudinal barriers result in misconceptions and stereotypes which make people ignore or judge people living with disabilities in society. Besides, attitudinal barriers also lower the self-esteem of people living with disabilities. Information or communication barriers result in difficulty in communication, sending and decoding of messages by the hearing and the visually impaired. Technological barriers make it difficult for people living with disabilities to conveniently use an assistive device to operate an electronic device. Architectural barriers such as sidewalks that do not support wheelchairs impede the movement of the physically impaired, for example, people on wheelchairs or the visually impaired too. Organizational barriers such as discriminatory corporate practices and procedures result in unfair treatment of a particular set or group of people preventing them from fully participating in an activity. Appropriate ways to overcome these barriers:
People with Different Abilities 9 Public and private initiatives such as Technology-enabled development for the people with different abilities: the initiative encompasses the use of Information and Communication Technologies to increase outreach in service provision by both the public and private entities. Broadening the services provided will overcome the barriers to information access and attitudinal barriers. Generally, attitudinal barriers can also be overcome by the use of educative social media campaigns to enlighten the masses by countering negative attitudes. The implementation of technological facilities is one of the best options and strategies for promoting awareness in disability studies because it is possible to diffuse information to a comprehensive set of people at an interval . For instance, the use of social media, despite having some clear limitations, platforms such as WhatsApp, Facebook, and Twitter can attract a huge mass of users who are always, in turn, spread the same information by sharing the information with their counterparts. Through sharing, the news covers a wide area over a desirable interval of time. Promoting inclusive and sustainable education for all societies: the underlying motive of this initiative in overcoming attitudinal accessibility barriers by enlightening the mainstream communities. Knowledge is necessary, especially when all the people in the society have equal privilege towards accessing as education, it fosters good attitudes, tolerance, and mutual understanding in communities. Besides, education empowers people; hence, it is necessary for the elimination of prejudices, stereotypes, and negative attitudes towards disabled people in society. For instance, the survey
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- Spring '17