Corporate and white collar crime o many people die

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Corporate and white collar crimeoMany people die from on work jobs and from pollution and other means but none of these companies really get persecuted oCompanies who are prosecuted are fined millions of dollarsThe menace of illegal drugsoMany illegal drugs around world drug tradeoTobacco and alcohol are legal and many people die from itThe medicalization of devianceMedicalization- is the process through which deviant behavior is defined as a medical problem or illness and the medical profession is mandated or licensed to provide some type of treatment for itChemical imbalance mental disordersDrugs can heal chemical imbalances that cause certain emotionIndividualizing complex social issuesoADHDDepoliticizing devianceoCreating image of deviants as sick people who must be dealt with through medical therapies is a powerful way for dominant groups to stay in powerChapter 9 the structure of societyoOrganizations social institutions and globalizationThe social structure we construct and maintain both locally and globally we mustlook at this with a macrosociological perspective of organizations and institutionsoSocial structure ad everyday lifeSocial structure- the frame work of society that exists above the level of individuals and provides the social setting in which individuals interact with one another to form relationships
Social structures may include: organizations groups, statuses, role expectations, cultural beliefs and institutionalized normsoSocial dilemmas individual interests and structural needsSocial dilemma –the experience of each person in a group pursuing his or her self-interest regardless of the potential ruin for everyone The tragedy of the commonsCommons- originally used to describe public pasture groundTragedy of the commons-indispensable but finite resources are availableto everyoneWater is necessary for survival many problems can occur without fresh clean waterThe free-rider problemFree-rider problem- a free rider is an individual who acquires a good or service without risking any personal costs or contributing anything in returnSolutions to social dilemmasPrivatization- people own resource motivated to preserve itEstablishing communication among individuals- allows groups to help solve problemsEmergency hotlinesoThe structure of formal organizationsEverything that we do and have is part of a formal organization work food everything comes from or is a part of an organization.Bureaucracies: playing by the rulesBureaucracy- simply a large hierarchical organization that is governed by formal rules and regulations and that has a clear specification of work tasksDivision of labor- clear division of labor people are specialized experts good for one taskHierarchy of authority- pyramid top to bottom levels of authority fewer people as power increasesOligarchy- rule by a group

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