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23.Describe the pre-orientation phase of the nurse-patient relationship Even before the first meeting, the nurse may have many thoughts and feelings related to the first clinical session. This is sometimes referred to as the pre-orientation phase. In this phase, the nurse must become aware of her own personal feelings, fears, and worries about working with a patient. This self-awareness allows a nurse to accept a patient's differences without judgment.24.Compare and contrast the following:a.Social verses therapeutic relationships Social relationshipcan refer to a multitude of social interactions, regulated by social norms, between two or more people, with each having a social position and performing a social role. In sociological hierarchy, social relation is more advanced than behavior, action, social behavior, social action, social contact and social interaction. Social relations form the basis of concepts such as social organization, social structure, social movement and social system. Includes friendship and socialization. Mutual needs are met. May include giving advice. Basic needs are met. Content is superficial. Roles may shift. Little evaluation of interaction occurs.Therapeutic relationship,also called the helping alliance, the therapeutic alliance, andthe working alliance, refers to the relationship between a mental health professional anda patient. It is the means by which the professional hopes to engage with, and effect change in, a patient.Nurse maximizes communication skills, understanding of human behaviors, and personal strengths to enhance patient’s growth. Patient needs are addressed. Language is straight forward. Focus is on the patient’s ideas.b.Positive verses negative behaviors positive attending behaviors can open up communication and encourage free expression. negativeattending behaviors are more likely to inhibit expression
c.Therapeutic verses nontherapeutic relationships Therapeutic is designed to help your client reach a better understanding of her condition and treatment, encouraging her to express her feelings and discuss her ideas,while showing respect and an acceptance of her point of view. It is an effective way to promote positive change in people. It involves building trust in order to encourage openness and honesty. This leads to better understanding. Those people who are undergoing any type of therapy will want this type of interaction with their therapist.Nontherapeutic interferes with your relationship by putting barriers in the way of open, trusting and respectful dialogue.d.Empathy verses sympathy- empathywe understandthe feelings of others. Itis putting yourself in the shoes of another.