Evolution of parties key events of the Pre Party System First Party System

Evolution of parties key events of the pre party

This preview shows page 13 - 16 out of 31 pages.

Evolution of parties (key events of the Pre-Party System, First Party System, Second Party System, and Third Party System). Pre-Party System: No political parties existed. Factions: groups pursuing some common political interest. Dangerous because as stated in Federalist No. 10 its federal system would prevent factional influences from controlling the government. The President and Vice President were chosen by an electoral college. Electoral college: a body of electors chosen by voters to cast ballots for president and vice president. Initially, legislatures , not voters, chose the electors. First Party System: Thomas Jefferson (Democratic-Republicans) vs. Alexander Hamilton (Federalists). Problems with Electoral College: One party could win Presidency while one party could win Vice Presidency. Passage of the 12th Amendment: Reformed the Electoral College. Ensured President and Vice President would be from the same party. Second Party System: Democratic Party. First mass election. Parties held national conventions: National convention: a gathering of delegates of a single political party from across the country to choose candidates for president and vice president and to adopt a party platform. Nominated candidates. Adopted party platforms. Party platform: the statement of policies of a national political party. Third Party System: The Republican Party formed. Republicans won their first election under Abraham Lincoln. Opposed slavery. Also called the “GOP” (Grand Old Party). 1860 election Abraham Lincoln. 1860 Election and the Two-Party System: Established our two-party system (two parties compete for control of government). Voters are so loyal to one of the two major parties that other parties cannot gain power. Election was a critical election . 13
Image of page 13

Subscribe to view the full document.

Critical elections and realignments. Critical elections: Elections that produced a sharp change in the party loyalty among voters. Lots of voters change their minds and support a new party. This new party is put into power. Realignments: Change in party loyalty persists. The party stays in power for a long period of time (30 years or more). 14
Image of page 14
Party Identification. Party identification: a voter’s sense of psychological attachment to a party. Differences between Democratic and Republican Parties (which social groups are more likely to be Democratic or Republican?) Democratic Parties: Social Groups: Low income/poor. African Americans. Non-religious. Women. Lower level of education. 18-29 years old. Republican Parties: Social Groups: High income/wealthy. Higher level of education. Protestant. Men. Caucasians. 65 years old or older.
Image of page 15

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 16
  • Spring '17
  • UNKNOWN
  • Government, United States Congress, ​ immunity

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes