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•Asks why some people become more successful than others
ETHNICITY IN CRIMEMostly refers to Latinos and crime and Latino immigration and crimeLatinos are the largest minority in the United States•15% of the population (blacks are 12%)•In California, they are the majority•By the year 2040, 1 out of 4 people will be Latino50% of the population increase in the United States is due to LatinosThis change is due to fertility – not immigrationHistory of Mexican migration to the United StatesThree things influence the decision to immigrate•The Push factors – things that are pushing people to do it o EconomyoPolitical situationoWar•Pull factors from the new destination o Better economy•Individual factors o Personal reasonsLatino immigrants also went to these new destinations for other reasons•Construction boom•Industrial growth•The economy in California was horrible but in many other parts of the country it was booming•Proposition 187 – a very strict policy on undocumented immigrants in CaliforniaAs this economic boom was going on (1992-2000) and Latinos were pouring in – there was a drop in crime rates•Usually a spike in crime rates is seen when there is an influx of immigrants•There was also a low crime rate in areas that were primarily Latino
•There was a lot of speculation that the lower crime rate was BECAUSE of the LatinosActually, the drop would have happened anyway with or without the LatinosRacial contribution to the drop Whites 75% of population26% of dropLatinos12.5% of population 13.7% of dropBlacks12% of population 60% of dropSo really there was a drop in crime within the black communityNew destinations versus old destinationsHomicide Victimization rate (who is being murdered) (per 100,000) o Black 13.5oWhite5oLatino (all)7 o Latino (trad. Destination)6 o Latino (new destinations)9.5Latino (all) and Latino (traditional destinations) are closer to thewhite rate but Latino (new destinations) is closer to the black rateQ: know the latio rate is higer than whites but lowerthan blacksCrime rate is much higher in new areas with highimmigration••
•o It is about where they live not who they are•There is also a high rate of poverty in new destinations o