Fixed overhead production volume variance 100000 f

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Chapter 23 / Exercise 23-3
Accounting
Reeve/Warren
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Fixed overhead production-volume variance = $100,000 FNote that the total variances for the period equal: $20,000 U + $18,500 U + $120,000 U + $60,000 U + $75,000 U + $100,000 F = $193,500 UThis represents the cumulative amount by which costs were underapplied during the year.SOLUTION EXHIBIT 8-47Actual CostsIncurred:Actual Input Qty.Actual Input Qty.Budgeted PriceFlexible Budget:Budgeted Input Qty.Allowed for Actual Output × Actual RatePurchasesUsage× Budgeted PriceDirectMaterials(370,000 $2.05)$758,500(370,000 $2)$740,000(370,000 $2)$740,000(180,000 2 yds. $2)$720,000$18,500 U$20,000 UPrice varianceEfficiency varianceDirectManuf.Labor(100,000 $12.60)$1,260,000(100,000 $12)$1,200,000180,000 0.5 hrs. $12)$1,080,000$60,000 U$120,000 UPrice varianceEfficiency varianceActualCostsIncurredActual Input Qty.Budgeted RateFlexible Budget:Budgeted Input Qty.Allowed forActual OutputBudgeted RateAllocated:(Budgeted Input Qty.Allowed forActual OutputBudgeted Rate)FixedManuf.Overhead$875,000$800,000$800,000(180,000 0.5 hrs. $10.00)$900,000$75,000 U$100,000 FSpending varianceNever a varianceProdn. volume variance2. Sales Revenue = 144,000 units sold × $18= $2,592,0008-0
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Chapter 23 / Exercise 23-3
Accounting
Reeve/Warren
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Cost of Goods sold:At standard: 144,000 × $15 = $2,160,000(+) Prorated share of underapplied cost: $193,500 × (144,000/180,000) = $ 154,800Total$2,314,800Gross Margin = $2,592,000 (-) $2,314,800= $277,2008-48Overhead variances, ethics. Carpenter Company uses standard costing. The company has a manufacturing plant in Georgia. Standard labor-hours per unit are 0.50, and the variable overhead rate for the Georgia plant is $3.50 per direct labor-hour. Fixed overhead for the Georgiaplant is budgeted at $1,800,000 for the year. Firm management has always used variance analysisas a performance measure for the plant. Tom Saban has just been hired as a new controller for Carpenter Company. Tom is good friends with the Georgia plant manager and wants him to get a favorable review. Tom decides to underestimate production, and budgets annual output of 1,200,000 units. His explanation for this is that the economy is slowing and sales are likely to decrease.At the end of the year, the plant reported the following actual results: output of 1,500,000 using 760,000 labor-hours in total, at a cost of $2,700,000 in variable overhead and $1,850,000 in fixed overhead.Required:1.Compute the budgeted fixed cost per labor-hour for the fixed overhead.2.Compute the variable overhead spending variance and the variable overhead efficiency variance.3.Compute the fixed overhead spending and volume variances.4.Compute the budgeted fixed cost per labor-hour for the fixed overhead if Tom Saban had estimated production more realistically at the expected sales level of 1,500,000 units.5.Summarize the fixed overhead variance based on both the projected level of production of 1,200,000 units and 1,500,000 units.6.Did Tom Saban’s attempt to make his friend, the plant manager, look better work? Why or why not?7.What do you think of Tom Saban’s behavior overall?SOLUTION(40 minutes)Overhead variances, ethics1.Budget Fixed Overhead per Labor Hour = Budgeted Fixed Overhead / Standard Direct Labor Hours for Budgeted Production$1,800,000 / (1,200,000 X .5 DLH per unit)= $3 per DLH2.Variable overhead variances:8-0
ActualActual hoursBudgeted input allowed forVariable Overhead× Budgeted rateActual output × Budgeted rate(760,000 × $3.50) (1,500,000 × 0.5 × $3.50)$2,700,000 $2,660,000$2,625,000$40,000 U$35,000 U

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