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Midterm Study Guide

When the spanish sent columbus to sail across the

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When the Spanish sent Columbus to sail across the Atlantic they were looking for a shorter and quicker route to China and India without having to encounter the Ottomans. They traveled in order to trade for spices and African gold as well as the goods they desired from China. They also were traveling in order to gain religious freedom and practice freely what they wished. This was possible with the caravel and firearms they had. A motto they had was they traveled for God, gold, and glory. When Columbus reached what the thought was the western border of India they encountered immediate trade with the Natives. The natives were fascinated by many of the new things that the explorers brought over with them. Columbus felt bad taking many of their goods so he gave them some of his expensive paraphernalia and didn’t take anything in return in hopes of befriending them, later trade and getting them to convert to Christianity. The natives were very welcoming at first of the new people but once colonization began and they were pushed off their land they were not very happy with the Europeans. In some cases the natives accepted the
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change and began to learn European ways but in many cases they did not want to change and revolted and fought the new comers to save their lands and ways. What made these people so easy to conquer were how little technology they had and the lack of knowledge of how “civilized” society worked. The simple ways in which their elders governed was easily overthrown by the Europeans who “knew what they were doing”. The colonies that the Europeans started were originally scattered up and down the coasts of the Americas. The first of the many colonies being, in the Bahamas where Columbus first landed. The colonies were very much the same as their European mothers but they differed a little. Mainly how they had to adapt to the new world and dealing with the natives and being ruled from across the ocean. There were many other effects that this discovery had on the world. When travelers went to and from the new world they caught and brought back new diseases that they never heard of before, they also brought things like chicken and small pox to the natives. Other effects were cultural and religious, they brought new practices and Christianity to these people and thinking they were barbarous animals tried to convert them to their life style and beliefs. Also brought slavery to the new world and even used the natives as slaves/workers. Politically they were trying to build a European power in the new world. Over the entire world shifted drastically in the years following the discovery of the new world. Columbus may go down as one of the most influential explorers of his time. Columbus basically changed the world as they knew it almost in the blink of an eye. III. Commerce, Consumption, and Colonization How did the Indian Ocean System, the Atlantic System, and the Commercial Revolution help to transform the early-modern world? How did they bring the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia into dynamic political, socio-economic, and cultural relationship with one another?
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