socioeconomic and ethnic characteristics IPA international phonetic alphabet

Socioeconomic and ethnic characteristics ipa

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socioeconomic and ethnic characteristics IPA→ international phonetic alphabet- established analytic framework for the study of speech segments that has been developed and refined for years, a system devised by
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linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language Phonics→ method of teaching people to read by correlating sounds with letters or groups of letters in an alphabetic writing system William Labov 4th floor test→ study that assessed how social stratification affected dialect, specifically looking at linguistic variable “r” in New York speech- assessed how employees said “fourth floor” in 3 different “classes” of department stores Cognates→ words in different languages that have a similar form and meaning Loanwords→ direct translation of the elements of word into the borrowing language, a word adopted from a foreign language with little or no modification Acronym→ new word formed from the initial letters of another word OED→ Oxford English Dictionary- the definitive record of the English language, regarded as the accepted authority on the English language Essay Questions: 1. Explain the connection between religion and orthography using examples from four world religions: Islam, Hinduism/Buddhism, Eastern (Orthodox) Christianity, and Western (Roman Catholic and Protestant) Christianity The spread of language went along with the spread of religion Societies typically adopted the alphabet that corresponded to the religion that they adopted Islam- Muslim people believe that Allah gave the Quran in Arabic- this language shaped the Islam religion and vice versa- most countries that practice Islam as the primary religion have a large percentage of Arabic speakers that use the Arabic alphabet and language Hinduism/Buddhism- Indian alphabet followed Hindu and Buddhist missionaries and traders across Southern and Eastern Asia were originally used to write Sanskrit- language of Hindu and Buddhist scriptures Eastern Orthodox- Greek alphabet is the model for parts of the world that were Christianized by missionaries from Easter or Orthodox center of Christianity in Constantinople, Greek based “Cyrillic” alphabet is used in areas where Orthodox Christianity is practiced Western Christianity- Latin alphabet which the Romans adapted from Greek is the orthography of Western and Central Europe where Latin based Christianity was introduced- spread of Catholicism
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  • Spring '12
  • Schissel
  • WEBSTER, loanwords

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