water system in Flint and the infrastructure is what is going to be discussed

Water system in flint and the infrastructure is what

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water system in Flint and the infrastructure, is what is going to be discussed in this paragraph and the next. Before citizens of Flint began drinking water from the Flint water system, they were drinking treated water that was purchased from the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department which is now called Great Lakes Water Authority, however, in April 2014, the Flint water system switched from purchasing treated water from Detroit Water and Sewerage Department to obtaining and handling its own water supply from the Flint River. Although Governors who were appointed as emergency managers and were charged with improving Flint’s finances primarily opposed the change, but in the long run executed it as a cost-saving measure.
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Mariam Oppong Nuamah 10/11/2018 GCH 300-004 Moreover, not long after the switch many of these resident began to express their apprehensions concerning water color, taste, and odor, and numerous health grievances including skin rashes. There were traces of bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, were discovered in the distribution system, which resulted in the Safe Drinking Water Act violations. Also it resulted in “additional disinfection to control bacteria spurred formation of disinfection byproducts including total trihalomethanes, resulting in Safe Drinking Water Act violations for trihalomethane levels (Hanna-Attisha, 2016)”. Unlike w ater from the Detroit Water and Sewage Department, Flint water system had high chloride, high chloride-to-sulfate mass ratio, and no corrosion inhibitor. Executing this change caused nearly 100,000 residents to be exposed to unsafe levels of lead. “Lead in drinking water is different from lead from other sources, as it disproportionately affects developmentally vulnerable children and pregnant mothers. Children can absorb 40% to 50% of an oral dose of water-soluble lead compared with 3% to 10% for adults (Hanna-Attisha, 2016)”.
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  • Fall '09
  • WEINSTEIN
  • Drinking water, Water crisis, Water supply network, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Safe Drinking Water Act

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