- Person A is expressing an internal critique because he/she is trying to define the rule and its exact definition. - Person C is expressing an external critique because he/she says the rule is ridiculous to begin with. Chapter 4 Moral Equivalence - the idea that one person’s view is no more right than any other person’s view. - This theory looks good at first when we put it to the ideas of abortion or capital punishment in which there is still great debate. - But this theory becomes flawed when applied to my ideas of terrorism being wrong and Osama Bin Laden thinking it is good for him to kill innocent people. - Also this theory is flawed in the example that both a mechanic and I have a right to talk about how a car is put together, but our ideas are certainly not equally plausible. In fact, mine our inferior if I don’t even know how to jump an engine. Chapter 5 Moral Progress - Occurs when people become morally better than they once were. - Moral skepticism shows this to be flawed for several reasons
Chapter 7 Arguments from Tolerance Better Version: 1. If tolerance is valuable, than skepticism is true 2. Tolerance is valuable 3. Therefore Skepticism is true The basic Problem: If skepticism is correct, then any moral recommendation, including one of tolerance is either untrue or true, but only relative to each person’s society or personal commitments. Sometimes these commitments advocate intolerance and therefore if subjectivism or relativism is true, then those with such commitments are acting immorally if they are tolerant. That basis is too weak for establishing a value of tolerance. Chapter 8 Arbitrariness – a failure to be supported by adequate reasons Example: A person considers killing their next-door neighbor
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- Fall '11
- moral skepticism