Rogers humanistic theory of personality carl rogers

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Rogers’ Humanistic Theory of PersonalityCarl Rogers’ humanistic personality theory emphasizes the importance of the self-actualizingtendency in forming a self-concept.Key PointsCarl Rogers was an influential humanistic psychologist who developed apersonality theory that emphasized the importance of the self-actualizingtendency in shaping human personalities.Rogers believed that humans are constantly reacting to stimuli with theirsubjective reality ( phenomenal field ), which changes continuously. Over time,a person develops a self- concept based on the feedback from this field ofreality.In the development of self-concept, positive regard is key. Unconditionalpositive regard is an environment that is free of preconceived notions of value.Conditional positive regard is full of conditions of worth that must be achievedto be considered successful.Human beings develop an ideal self and a real self based on the conditionalstatus of positive regard. How closely one’s real self matches up with theirideal self is called congruity.Rogers believed that fully functioning people could achieve “the good life,” inwhich they constantly aim to fulfill their potential and allow their personalitiesto emanate from their experiences.
Like Maslow’s theories, Rogers’ were criticized for their lack of empiricalevidence in research.Key Termsholistic: Relating to the whole instead of a separation into parts.humanistic psychology: A psychological perspective which rose to prominencein the mid-20th century in response to psychoanalytic theory and behaviorism;this approach emphasizes an individual’s inherent drive towards self-actualization and creativity.congruity: An instance or point of agreement or correspondence between theideal self and the real self in Rogers’ humanistic personality theory.phenomenal field: Our subjective reality, all that we are aware of, includingobjects and people as well as our behaviors, thoughts, images, and ideas.Carl Rogers: Carl Rogers was a prominent humanistic psychologist who is known for histheory of personality that emphasizes change, growth, and the potential for human good.Carl Rogers was a prominent psychologist and one of the founding members of the humanistmovement. Along with Abraham Maslow, he focused on the growth potential of healthyindividuals and greatly contributed to our understanding of the self and personality. BothRogers’ and Maslow’s theories focus on individual choices and do not hold that biology isdeterministic. They emphasized free will and self-determination, with each individualdesiring to become the best person they can become.Humanistic psychology emphasized the active role of the individual in shaping their internaland external worlds. Rogers advanced the field by stressing that the human person is anactive, creative, experiencing being who lives in the present and subjectively responds tocurrent perceptions, relationships, and encounters. He coined the termactualizingtendency,

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