The revised Neo Pi-b personality Inventory is another important measure of individual personality which utilizes the five-factor model. These models include Extroversion, Conscientiousness, neuroticism and agreeablenessThe third assessment instrument I the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality inventory (MMPI). This is the most common approach for clinical and non-clinical procedures. This is due to the fact that it aids in the diagnostic of personality disorders. The initial version had 504 true/false questions that were later updated to 567 in what was known as the MMP-2. The individual responses produce a 10-scaled clinical profile which includes, depression, hypochondriasis, psychopathic deviance, hysteria, masculinity versus femininity, psychasthenias, paranoia, hypomania, schizophrenia and social introversion. The latest version of MMPI-2RF only has 338 questions hence much easier to complete (Fergusson & Lievens, 2017). This is one of the most common behavioral personality approach measurement techniques. Others include 16PF, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire among others.Clinical application of the approachBehavioral personality approach is very important to the solution of several psychologies and personality-related problems. The study of human behavior and the environment in personality determination has been applied in behavior therapy to address several problems (Fergusson & Lievens, 2017). The clinical applications include; Systematic Desensitization, contingency management and social skills training among others. Systematic Desensitization is applicable to scenarios where a person experiences dysfunctional or disproportionate levels of anxiety to situations or particular stimuli. The
BEHAVIORAL PERSONLITY APPROACH 13process depends on counterconditioning (Hogan & Foster, 2017). This is the development of responses which are incompatible with stimuli. In what is referred to as relation training, patients are taught several exercises that help to relax their body and mind thus reducing anxiety. This teaching also entails imagery which teaches the patients to picture themselves ina placid scene or a tranquil. During the exercise, the patients develop a hierarchy of the situations which induce fear and rank them based on the levels of anxiety cause (Fergusson &Lievens, 2017). The health practitioner then helps the clients to consistently maintain relaxation response for each situation in the list.Contingency management is another common clinical application which entails utilizing reinforcement and punishment to increase the occurrence of the adaptive and desirable behaviors (Fergusson & Lievens, 2017). This approach simply uses the normal contingency plans such as rewarding children with a piece of cake for eating their meal or the complex systems applied in schools. After some period of time, the reinforcement is withdrawn to mark the success of contingency management (Mazur, 2016).