Communist Manifesto Study Guide.pdf

Why has nationalism proven so persistent and powerful

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resort to patriotism to muster the support of Russians behind him during World War II. Why has nationalism proven so persistent and powerful? Does this fact undermine Marxism? What does the passage which begins in the last paragraphs on this page and continues on the next mean? (Hint: the point is discussed above, in the introduction to these questions.) This argument is one of the most widespread and powerful still being debated in academic and intellectual circles today, and it is important to understand it. As Engels points out, the ten-point program outlined here is very conservative and preliminary, and would have been much more developed had the Manifesto been written later. Which of the points seem radical, which conservative? Which have been in fact commonly adopted in countries like the U.S.? Which do you agree with? Disagree with? Explain this ideal: " the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all." Does this sound like communism as you understand it? As it developed in the Soviet Union? III: Socialist and Communist Literature In this chapter, which you are not required to read, Marx presents a now very dated summary of other socialist theories and tries to show how his is uniquely effective, scientific and rational. IV: Position of the Communists in Relation to the Various Existing Opposition Parties Much of this section can be summarized by simply saying that the Communists allied themselves with whatever groups they thought were moving in the right direction ("progressive"). As Marx predicted, Germany developed one of the largest and most powerful socialist movements in the world; but the international socialist movement almost collapsed when Germany launched World War I and the socialist party supported the government. However, socialism remained popular enough so that Adolph Hitler thought he had to call his movement "National Socialism" to gain widespread acceptance, even though once in power he vigorously exterminated socialists. What does Marx say are the special aims worked for by the communists within the various reform movements? Most people misquote the ending of the Manifesto with the slightly more catchy "Workingmen of all countries, unite! You have nothing to lose but your chains!" What weaknesses can you find in this call to revolution? Do you think communism as Marx describes it is a desirable ideal, a foolish dream, a undesirable ideal, or something else? Why? Some people argue that true Marxism has never been attempted, and that if his original ideas were followed it might be more successful. Marxism, they say, has been discredited by people who betrayed Marx. What do you think of this argument? Notes by Paul Brians , Department of English, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-5020. Revised January 12, 2011 Version of June 14, 1995. Paul Brians' Home Page This page has been accessed times since June 6, 1997.
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