Arabic uses a different alphabet so many arabic words

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Arabic uses a different alphabet, so many Arabic words and names are written in a multiple ways in the Latin alphabet - Diwaniya, Diwaniyah - Abayah, abaya - And many more… - Maps - Aerial views (why are the doors blue? Fernea tells you in Chapter 1) - “doors painted blue, the color to ward off the evil eye” p 16 - suq - abayah - dishdasha - kaffiyeh (and agal) - aba (cloak) - Intro - “I am not an anthropologist” .... no? - 1st two years of marriage to Robert (Bob) Fernea, social anthropology grad student from University of Chicago - Chapter 1, Night Journey: Arrival in the Village - El Nahra - Guests of Sheik Hamid Abdul Emir el Hussein, chief of the El Eshadda tribe - Arrive at station in Diwaniya - Right away you get an example of ethnocentrism, and how Fernea overcomes it
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Intro to Cultural Anthro 203.1 F 2011 / Owen: What is Anthropology? p. 7 - Fernea is the only woman without an abayah - “Why should I have to wear that ugly thing? It’s not my custom” - “If they can’t take me as I am - if we have to make artificial gestures to prove we are human beings too - what’s the point?” - “my principles were weakening before my embarrassment” - “my principles were not as strong as my desire to be inconspicuous and well thought of in my new home” - “They say an uncovered woman is an immoral woman” - she is beginning to think about why the abayah makes sense to people here - p. 6: the lady of the resthouse at Diwaniya explains that she is called… - Um Hassan = Mother of Hassan - just as her husband is called Abu Hassan = Father of Hassan - does this suggest anything about the importance of family and having children? - a few other useful ethnographic details - high wall around the garden gives them complete privacy - concern for privacy will turn out to be a crucial, constant feature of this society - Mohammed does not want anyone to know that he is washing dishes – woman’s work - this captures two themes that will prove important: - concern for the proper roles of men and women - concern for what others think, or one’s reputation - in a future class we will look at culture shock, but in Chapter 1 is a great example - “I knew what I should do... But I couldn’t do it. I felt only a flood of irrational resentment against my new husband for bringing me here...” (p. 10) - irrational resentment - “I was still clutching the despised abayah tightly under my chin...” (p. 10) - “I was almost shouting…” (p. 10) - intense emotional overreaction to a few birds in the roof structure - food details: “boiled potatoes, sliced tomatoes, and canned corned-beef hash with fried eggs...angel-food cake…Nescafe…” (p. 22) - focus on familiar items of food - We immediately see that ethnography is a two-way street, not just “us” studying “them” - Mohammed is as uncomfortable (“scared”) of her as she is of him (p. 14) - Fernea saves the “extra” lunch, instead of leaving it for children, servants, etc; the man (Ali, the sheik’s gardener) who brought it assumes she ate it all - news travels! - they are observing her - drawing conclusions about her already
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