Systems theory david easton complex systems as

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Systems Theory- (David Easton) Complex Systems as Biological OrganismViewing connections in compex system as parts of the body - brain, heart, lungs, handsAllows for Connectedness within the diverse systemSIMPLE MODEL- Demands (INPUTS) => Decision Makers (PROCESS) => Actions(OUTPUTS) => Feedback Loop (START OVER)COMPLEXITY in further models of this theory, problems with PROCESS done in “Black Box”Rational- Choice Theory- Predict Behavior via Interests of ActorsUsing polls and data to see what majority wants, and offering thatWithin context of an Institution, OpportunistGame Theory - play out a scenario multiple times with different players, take average of winsDescriptiveExplaining what is.NormativeExplaining what ought to be.Realism -(Niccolò Machiavelli)The PrinceWorking with the world as it is and not as we wish it to be; usually focused on power.Be rational and tough in the exercise of powerContractualists- (Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau) Civil Society as Agreement to be RuledSocial contract Theory that individuals join and stay in civil society as if they had signed acontract.Thomas Hobbes- (1588–1679)State of NatureAnarchy as war of each against allSociety out of fear. Dominance of Leadership, Submission of the PeopleState of Nature really bad, people are vicious and violent animalsJohn Locke -(1632–1704) Security of PropertyContractually formed civil society, secured “life, liberty, and property.”
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State of Nature not so bad, people are mostly goodJean-Jacques Rousseau- (1712–1788) Noble SavagesGeneral Will - Rousseau’s theory of what a whole community wants.State of Nature really good, Society is bad and must be perfectedCONroots of totalitarianismG. W. F. Hegel- (1770–1831) Zeitgeist - Spirit of the TimesTheory that each epoch has a distinctive spirit, which moves history alongAll facets of a society—art, music, architecture, politics, law, and so on—hang together as apackageKarl Marx- (1818–1883) Economics, Class, HistorySocieties are never fully unified, peaceful - always split in conflict.Always question who benefits in Political Controversy.Economics - Surplus Value (Profit), Workers (Proletariat), Overproduction, RecurringDepressions, Capitalist CollapseClass -BourgeoisAdjective, originally French, for city dweller; later and current, middle class ingeneral. Noun: bourgeoisie. Property, stolen from Proles, reasons for regulations and strifeProletariatMarx’s name for the industrial working class, international, suffering under capitalistsHistory - Inherently Flawed Economy established by Bourgeoisie, System Collapses,Revolutions RisePRO Analytical TheoryCON - Tyranny. Systemic Failure.QUIZ

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Organizational Behavior: Science, The Real World, and You
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Chapter 11 / Exercise 6
Organizational Behavior: Science, The Real World, and You
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