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Word orderThis is the way words are ordered in a poem to form lines and stanzas. “Do not go Gentle into That Good Night” is a villanelle. A villanelle is a poem consisting of five tercets and one quatrain with only two rhymes. This villanelle has 10 syllables per line and made up of a traditional 19 lines split into 5 tercets and a quatrain. The rhyme scheme of the poem is as follows; aba aba aba aba aba abaa.There is the use of enjambment allowing a follow on intothe next line without a pause and the use of punctuations in setting the tone of the poem.
ToneThis is the mood or the attitude in which the poet portrays the poem. “Do not go Gentle into That Good Night” portrays a passionate mood. “Rage, rage”, the advice given to all who face the inevitable mystery of death. This direct message is somewhat like an old fashioned sermon delivered to those who would dare to go timidly into the threshold. The 2ndline of the penultimate stanza is an expression for struggle for survival, men who have lost their sight yet have a passion to live on.Point of viewThe poem is written in the first person. It is a lyric poetry which expresses the poet’s personal emotions or feelings. The use of “I” in the last stanza also signifies that it is in the first person point of view.SettingThe poem was composed in Wales when the writer was with his dying father on his bed.