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136 cách s ử d ụ ng as if as though c ứ nh ư

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13.6 Cách s d ng as if, as though (c nh ư là, nh ư th là) M nh ñề ñằ ng sau hai thành ng này luôn d ng ñ i u ki n không th th c hi n ñượ c. Có hai tr ườ ng h p: 13.6.1 th i hi n t i: N ế u ñộ ng t m nh ñề tr ướ c chia th i hi n t i ñơ n gi n thì ñộ ng t m nh ñề sau chia quá kh ñơ n gi n. To be ph i chia là were t t c các ngôi. The old lady dresses as if it were winter even in the summer. (Bà c ă n m c c nh ư bây gi là mùa ñ ông) (It is not winter now) He acts as though he were rich. (Anh ta c làm nh ư th là anh ta giàu có l m) (He is not rich infact) He talks as if he knew everything in the world. 13.6.2 Th i quá kh : N ế u ñộ ng t m nh ñề tr ướ c chia quá kh ñơ n gi n thì ñộ ng t m nh ñề sau chia quá kh hoàn thành. Jeff looked as though he had seen a ghost. (Trông Jeff nh ư th anh ta v a g p ma) (He didn't see a ghost) She talked about the contest as if she had won the grand prize. L ư u ý : M nh ñề sau as if, as though không ph i lúc nào c ũ ng tuân theo qui lu t trên. Trong m t s tr ườ ng h p, n ế u ñ i u ki n trong câu là có th t ho c theo quan ni m c a
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 53 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng ng ườ i nói, ng ườ i vi ế t là có th t thì hai công th c trên không ñượ c s d ng. ðộ ng t m nh ñề sau chúng di n bi ế n bình th ườ ng theo m i quan h v i ñộ ng t m nh ñề chính. He looks as if he has finished the test. 13.7 Cách s d ng used to, (to be/get) used to 13.7.1 Used to + Verb: Ch m t thói quen, m t hành ñộ ng th ườ ng xuyên x y ra trong quá kh . S + used to + [verb in simple form] .... When David was young, he used to swim once a day. - Nghi v n: Did + S + used to + verb in simple form Did David used to swim once a day when he was young? - Ph ñị nh: S + didn't + used to + verb in simple form David didn’t used to swim once a day when he was young. 13.7.2 To be/ to get used to + V-ing/ Noun: Tr nên quen v i. He is used to swimming every day. He got used to American food . L ư u ý 1 : Used to luôn luôn d ng nh ư v y, không thay ñổ i theo s , ngôi c a ch ng hay th i c a câu. Không ñượ c thay th ế nó b ng use to . L ư u ý 2 : Có s khác nhau v ngh ĩ a gi a used to, be used to và get used to.
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