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Controlling pain reducing smoking treating

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 controlling pain, reducing smoking, treating psychological disorders Explaining the Hypnotized State Social influence theory Consciousness and social influence “gets you caught up” in the role Divided Consciousness theory Splitched awareness Drugs and Consciousness
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Psychoactive drugs Chemical substance that alters perception and mood Divided into three categories: Depressants Stimulants Hallucinogens Depressants Reduce neural activity and slow body functions Alcohol Affects motor skills, judgment, and memory Slows reaction time Can shrink brain Barbiturates Depresses the activity of the CNS Opiates Temporarily lessens pain and anxiety Ex: morphine, heroin, etc. Stimulants Excite neural activity and speeds up body functions Caffeine & Nicotine Both increases heart and breathing rates Caffeine – increases alertness/nervousness Nicotine – arousal and relaxation
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Cocaine Causes immediate euphoria Ecstasy Stimulant and mild hallucinogen Produces euphoria Can damage serotonin-producing neurons Hallucinogens Distorts perceptions and evokes sensory images in the absence of sensory input LSD Can cause changes in conscious experience Marijuana Triggers a variety of effects including mild hallucinations Disrupts memory Dependence and Addiction Continued use of a psychoactive drug produces a tolerance Withdrawl and Dependence Physical need to maintain normalcy Physiological need to cope with life’s challenges Nature, Nurture, Human Diversity Chromosomes – thread-like structures that are made of DNA DNA – complex molecule that contains our genes Genes
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Segments of DNA that contain info for producing proteins Influence specific characteristics Alleles Different forms of a gene Inherit one allele from each parent Dominant characteristics is displayed if present Recessive characteristics displayed if both alleles are the same Identical and Fraternal Twins Identical twins come from a single fertilized egg that splits Fraternal twins come from separate fertilized eggs Behavior Genetics Studies our differences and weigh the relative effects of heredity and environment Measuring Heritability Twin studies Compares identical twins to fraternal twins Identical twins typically more similar than fraternal Adoption studies  Compares individuals with their biological and adoptive parents Adoptees tend to be more similar to biological parents Gene Environment Interaction The environment has very little effect on personality development  Evolutionary Psychology Studies why we, as humans, are alike
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Use natural selection to understand the roots of behavior Some behaviors are thought to come as a consequence natural selection Stranger wariness
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controlling pain reducing smoking treating psychological...

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