Power Distance Individualism versus Collectivism Masculinity versus Femininity

Power distance individualism versus collectivism

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Power Distance Individualism versus Collectivism Masculinity versus Femininity Uncertainty Avoidance Long- versus Short-Term Orientation Country Index Rank Index Rank Index Rank Index Rank Index Rank Argentina 49 35–36 46 22–23 56 20–21 86 10–15 Australia 36 41 90 2 61 16 51 37 31 22–24 Austria 11 53 55 18 79 2 70 24–25 31 22–24 Belgium 65 20 75 8 54 22 94 5–6 38 18 Brazil 69 14 38 26–27 49 27 76 21–22 65 6 Canada 39 39 80 4–5 52 24 48 41–42 23 30 Chile 63 24–25 23 38 28 46 86 10–15 Colombia 67 17 13 49 64 11–12 80 20 Costa Rica 35 42–44 15 46 21 48–49 86 10–15 Denmark 18 51 74 9 16 50 23 51 46 10 Ecuador 78 8–9 8 52 63 13–14 67 28 El Salvador 66 18–19 19 42 40 40 94 5–6 Finland 33 46 63 17 26 47 59 31–32 41 14 France 68 15–16 71 10–11 43 35–36 86 10–15 39 17 Germany 35 42–44 67 15 66 9–10 65 29 31 22–24 Great Britain 35 42–44 89 3 66 9–10 35 47–48 25 28–29 Greece 60 27–28 35 30 57 18–19 112 1 Guatemala 95 2–3 6 53 37 43 101 3 Hong Kong 68 15–16 25 37 57 18–19 29 49–50 96 2 India 77 10–11 48 21 56 20–21 40 45 61 7 Indonesia 78 8–9 14 47–48 46 30–31 48 41–42 Iran 58 29–30 41 24 43 35–36 59 31–32 Ireland 28 49 70 12 68 7–8 35 47–48 43 13 Israel 13 52 54 19 47 29 81 19 Italy 50 34 76 7 70 4–5 75 23 34 19 Jamaica 45 37 39 25 68 7–8 13 52 Japan 54 33 46 22–23 95 1 92 7 80 4 Korea (South) 60 27–28 18 43 39 41 85 16–17 75 5 Malaysia 104 1 26 36 50 25–26 36 46 Mexico 81 5–6 30 32 69 6 82 18 The Netherlands 38 40 80 4–5 14 51 53 35 44 11–12 New Zealand 22 50 79 6 58 17 49 39–40 30 25–26 Norway 31 47–48 69 13 8 52 50 38 44 11–12 Pakistan 55 32 14 47–48 50 25–26 70 24–25 0 34 Panama 95 2–3 11 51 44 34 86 10–15 Peru 64 21–23 16 45 42 37–38 87 9 Philippines 94 4 32 31 64 11–12 44 44 19 31–32 Portugal 63 24–25 27 33–35 31 45 104 2 30 25–26 Singapore 74 13 20 39–41 48 28 8 53 48 9 South Africa 49 35–36 65 16 63 13–14 49 39–40 Spain 57 31 51 20 42 37–38 86 10–15 19 31–32 Sweden 31 47–48 71 10–11 5 53 29 49–50 33 20 Switzerland 34 45 68 14 70 4–5 58 33 40 15–16 Taiwan 58 29–30 17 44 45 32–33 69 26 87 3 Thailand 64 21–23 20 39–41 34 44 64 30 56 8 Turkey 66 18–19 37 28 45 32–33 85 16–17 United States 40 38 91 1 62 15 46 43 29 27 Uruguay 61 26 36 29 38 42 100 4 Venezuela 81 5–6 12 50 73 3 76 21–22 Yugoslavia 76 12 27 33–35 21 48–49 88 8 Regions: Arab countries 80 7 38 26–27 53 23 68 27 East Africa 64 21–23 27 33–35 41 39 52 36 25 28–29 West Africa 77 10–11 20 39–41 46 30–31 54 34 16 33 Scores range from 0 5 extremely low on dimension to 100 5 extremely high. Note: 1 5 highest rank. LTO ranks: 1 5 China; 15–16 5 Bangladesh; 21 5 Poland; 34 5 lowest. Source: Copyright Geert Hofstede BV, [email protected] Reprinted with permission. Hofstede’s Cultural Values by Nation Exhibit 5-7 152
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International Values 153
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