Parents encourage independence and self sufficiency

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Parents encourage independence and self sufficiency in adolescents. ii. Peers/Friends 1. Adolescents are allowed to choose their own friend Adolescents make friend of different ethnic groups and social classes, based on their similar interests and attractions as individuals. iii. School 1. Teachers promote students’ Individualist and attempt to adapt the curriculum to each student’s individual needs and preferences. Low emphasis is placed on order and obedience to teachers and school authorities. No uniforms or dress code are required. iv. Community
1. Community members do not know each other well and adult community members exercise little or no social control over adolescents. Independence and self expression of the individual are valued more highly than conformity to the expectations and standards of the community v. Workplace 1. Young people are allowed to choose for themselves among a wide range of possible occupations workplaces generally reward creativity and individual achievement vi. Media 1. Media are diverse, and media content is mostly unregulated by governmental authorities. Media promote gratification of individual desire and impulses vii. Legal System 1. Legal restrictions on behaviours are minimal. The right of the individual to a wide range of self-expression is highly valued. Punishment’s for most offenses are light b. Narrow socialization – The process by which persons in a collectivistic culture come to learn collectivism, including values of obedience and conformity IV. Socialization for cultural beliefs in The Western world a. Custom complex – A customary practice and the beliefs, values, sanctions, rules, motives and satisfactions associated with it; that is, a normative practice in a culture and the cultural beliefs that provide the basis for that practice. b. Ontogenetic something that occurs naturally in the course of development as part of normal maturation; that is, it is driven by innate processes rather than but environmental stimulation or a specific cultural practice. V. Relationship between cultural beliefs within multicultural societies a. Cultures should not be infused with countries. Many countries contain a variety of cultures with a variety of different beliefs. b. Many studies have shown that the cultural beliefs of American minority cultures tend to be less individualistic and ore collectivistic that the cultural beliefs of the American major culture. c. First generation families – The status of persons who were born in one country and then immigrated to another d. Second generation families- The status of persons whose were born in the country they currently reside in but whose parents were born in a different country
VI. significance of religious beliefs in adolescence a. In most cultures throughout human history, cultural beliefs have mainly taken the form of religious beliefs. Although the content of various cultures’ religious beliefs is extremely diverse, virtually all cultures have religious beliefs of some kind. b.

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