A social system males are the primary authority

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THE REASON…. A social system Males are the primary authority figures Central to social organization, occupying roles of political leadership, moral authority, and control of property, and where fathers hold authority over women and children. It implies the institutions of male rule and privilege, and entails female subordination . Property and title are inherited by the male. PATRIARCHAL SOCIETY Historically, patriarchy has manifested itself in the social, legal, political, and economic organization of a range of different cultures India's Patriarchal Traditions Dowry Tradition Much of the discrimination against women arises from India's dowry tradition, where the bride's family gives the groom's family money and/or gifts. Dowries were made illegal in India in 1961 , however the law is almost impossible to enforce, and the practice persists for most marriages. If a bride unable to give the dowry the girl is ill treated She faces the domestic violence
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WOMEN AS A LIABILITY The Indian constitution grants women equal rights to men, but strong patriarchal traditions persist in many different societal parts, with women's lives shaped by customs that are centuries old. Where the daughters are often regarded as a liability, and conditioned to believe that they are inferior and subordinate to men, whereas sons might be idolized and celebrated. COUPLE OF REASONS Why men might be regarded an asset for a family Why women might be regarded more of a liability for a family: Considered capable of earning money Carry on the family line Able to provide for their aging parents Bring a wife (and with this a capable domestic helper) into the family Play an important role in death rituals in Hindu religion, which ensure, that the soul is released from the body and can go to heaven. Not considered capable of earning money Seen as economically and emotionally dependent on men While they help with domestic duties during childhood and adolescence, they go to live with their husband's family after marriage, which means less help in the household of their originating family, and most importantly loss of money due to the dowry tradition .
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Discrimination against Women India spanning 3.29 million sq. km Where cultural backgrounds, religions and traditions vary widely Varies from one societal stratum to another and from state to state The extend of Discrimination Against Women Nairs of Kerala, certain Maratha clans, and Bengali families Matriarchal Tendencies The head of the family being the oldest woman rather than the oldest man. However, many Indian women face discrimination throughout all stages of their life, beginning at (or even before) birth, continuing as an infant, child, adolescent and adult. The stages can be divided in following sections Before Birth / As an Infant As a Child After Marriage As a Widow
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