o counteract on pollution: The Avengers want guns air pollution . Stricter controls on waste disposal Banning of backyard incinerator controlling Factor emissions putting Smart Control on autos and the use of monitoring systems to enforce and anti noise laws are all precautions against pollution. Regulation of Public Utilities: Public utilities are City's lifeblood. Cities allow privately owned utilities companies to act as natural monopolies . A few large city public utilities but most utility rates and conditions of service are set by state regulatory agencies. Well governed cities tend to have well-run utilities where was poorly governed City are more likely to find that their utilities produced more bureaucratic bumbling than they do kilowatts of power. Big City crime: That's that once showed a rising crime rate have begun to turn downward. The column Krugman tend to be forgotten when local news are filled with crime reports. o Why has crime become such a problem? No one knows all the answers but social scientists points to a number of factors that contribute to american crime rates such as the twin problems of poverty and unemployment. Another Factor is the nation's epidemic of drug abuse. Another factor is the breakdown of family life and a general loss of respect for authority . Yet another two factors are easy access to guns and the chances of being caught and convicted of a crime are relatively small. Coping with crime: Gun crime statistics have fallen in recent years but the criminal justice system remains under attack. The states built new prison, and the cities use the funds for training, computer networks, and improved equipment. Critics object to the frequent use of plea
bargaining but overworked prosecutors and judges. Plea bargaining allows the accused to plead guilty to a lesser crime if the judge will dismiss a more serious charge. Convicted criminals are sometimes released early because of overcrowding Prisons.
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- American Govt Chap 17&18 Notes, U.S. state, Federal government of the United States, State governments of the United States, County, Local government in the United States