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Sleep is also public!When and how we sleep has implications for everyoneelseoFamily: Availability, disturbing others’ sleep, being sleep deprivedoSociety: Availability to work, productivity, need for a safe place to sleep, not disturbing othersSleep is regulated by societyoWhen, how, and even with whom people sleep has been regulatedNorms: General rules for social conductoSleep at night and don’t be a zombieoDon’t bother others while you sleepMores: Strong prescriptions for social behavioroDon’t sleep at work or schoolLaws: Rules with legal consequencesoDoctors/drivers have to sleep every so oftenoYOu can’t sleep on the street, in public placesSleep as SocialAll societies had to organize how people sleep!Whenwe sleepoGenerally not during the day, but at nightoIf during the day, at “siesta” timeWherewe sleepoIn our own “home” with family, or privatelyHowwe sleepoWe sleep on a bed, dressed and coveredWhowe sleep withoWe sleep with romantic partners/family/friends/strangers....
Being asleep has social implicationsSleeping people are vulnerableoEasy to steal off a sleeping personoEasy to harm or killSleeping people are dangerousoMay harm self or others in sleepSleepypeople are vulnerableoSoldiers may be caught off guardoDrivers may kill themselvesSleepypeople are dangerousoDrivers may kill themselvesoSleep-deprived doctors, police, and soldiers may harm othersThe “Sleeper” RoleSleep: Radical severance from conscious demands of the waking worldoMakes sleep socially negotiated and regulated roleoSleep comes with rights and responsibilitiesThe “Sleeper” Role1.Right to periodic remission at certain times (night) in certain places (home)2.Lack of normal obligations while asleep (don’t have to talk or work)ea3.Freedom from disturbance while sleepingRights for the sleeperObligation for those awakeBiological state of sleepoPhysiological state with no consciousness and responsivitySocial State of SleepoAssuming the sleeper role even if not asleep (e.g., withdrawing to bed)4/19 Cultural Regulation of sleepSleep Rules and RoutinesoSleeping is something we do as a societySleep and wake is socially coordinatedoSleep Routines tie individuals to societyPre- and post-sleep behaviors facilitate sleep-wake shiftsTransitional practices: Lying quietly, reading a bookSymbolic markers: Turning the light off, saying “good night”Social etiquette of sleep (how to sleep as to not disturb others)
oSociological issues in sleep (Taylor, 1993)Meaning: Is sleep a sacred time for restoration or waste of valuable work time?Methods: How is sleep supposed to be ‘done’?Motives: What are the acceptable reasons for sleep?