D16) Private colleges and universities rely on money contributed by individuals and corporations for their operating expenses. Much of this money is put into a fund called an endowment, and the college spends only the interest earned by the fund. A recent survey of 8 private colleges in the United States revealed the following endowments (in millions of dollars): 60.2, 47.0, 235.1, 490.0, 122.6, 177.5, 95.4, and 220.0. Summary statistics yield = $180.975 and S = 143.042. Calculate a 95% confidence interval for the mean endowment of all the private colleges in the United States assuming a normal distribution for the endowments.
D17) As an aid to the establishment of personnel requirements, the director of a hospital wishes to estimate the mean number of people who are admitted to the emergency room during a 24-hour period. The director randomly selects 64 different 24-hour periods and determines the number of admissions for each. For this sample, = 19.8 and S= 5. Which of the following assumptions is necessary in order for a confidence interval to be valid?