8. What are some of the basic factors that led up to the Crusades? The Eastern and Western churches differed vastly, which caused their societies to be divided from each other and develop down different paths. Those in the East believed in orthodoxy in religious service and that Christ was one all divine essence, but those in the west had a very unstructured society with little art, literature and not much education. Also it is important to note that in the west, they had no central political authority. 9. Were the Crusades really mainly about Christian-Muslim hatred? It was not mainly about Christian-Muslim hatred, when the crusaders invaded Jerusalem, they actually found Jewish, Christians and Muslims living in harmony with each other. Each of these religious groups handled a separate part of society and they worked very well together. Culturally, they were actually more alike. 10.Be able to discuss what the stated and unstated purposes of the Crusades were. The stated purpose of the crusades was force the roman catholic religion onto those in the east. They sent Christian troops to heal non Christian people. The unstated purpose of the crusades was about power, politics, culture and wealth. The crusades were basically a western barbarian invasion and destruction of eastern civilization. 11.Be able to distinguish between the two Great Awakenings. 1 st great awakening, the idea of free will and personal religious experience began to take hold and gain new contents. The 2 nd great awakening happened in between the years of the revolutionary war and the civil war. It further stressed the importance of free will and person choice in religious matters. This opened the way for the rise of capitalism by justifying the division of labor. 12.How were the two Great Awakenings related to larger changes in American society?
During the First Great Awakening, the American economy expanded, democracy emerged in its modern form, due to a capitalist system that depended on free labor, free exchange of goods, and free and open education. The Great Awakenings marked the emergence of American evangelical communities. The Second Great Awakening brought the process of American modern industrialization and the first industrial working class. Modern society was now centered around modern market economic systems and individual moral choice. 13.Describe the social, economic, and religious differences that divided the North and South around the time of the U.S. Civil War. The north and south varied in their economic society because in the South they still lived in a society focused on agriculture. The depended on agriculture as a backbone for society, but in the North they had already been through the industrial revolution. Another difference was in the south they had no middle class, but in the north they did. Lastly, religious differences divided the areas the most before the civil war. Modern times had caused the Baptist groups to split into the north and south. In the south the particular Baptists believed in pre-destination
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- Fall '19
- Test, Religion and society