(Duffy) The Welsh conquest of Ireland.pdf

Nai kb p cjri i p ibid i p ibid i p ibid i p ibid i p

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 .  NAI, KB / , p.  .  CJRI , i, p.  .  Ibid. , i, p.  .  Ibid. , i, p.  .  Ibid. , i, p.  .  Ibid. , i, p.  .  Ibid. , i, p.  .  Ibid., i, p.  .  Ibid. , i, pp  .  E. Tresham(ed.), Rotuli patentium et clau- sorum cancellariae Hiberniae calendarium [Dublin,  ], p.  , no.  .  CJRI , iii, p.  .  ‘Accountsof the great rolls of the pipe of the Irish exchequer’, Appendix III, in Report of the Deputy Keeper of the public records in Ireland , no.  (Dublin,  ), p.  . Clerics, kings and vikings (01):Layout 1 15/05/2014 19:37 Page 113
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result. Einion’sbrother, John Madoc, took revenge by returning to Walter’s manor and destroying it, and, when Einion died of his injuries, John went to Carrick-on-Suir, found Walter le Poer’sser- geant, and beheaded him in the street. He was accompanied inter alia by Madoc Iewan, Rys Madoc, Meiler Madoc, Wyllym Iygnon, Thomas son of Dauy of Lystouth and Davy’s brother Iygnon, Philip Iewan, Meiler son of Roger, Gronou le Waleys, Madoc son of Walter Gronou, Henry Madoc, Philip Ithel, Ithel Birlosk, Madoc Robyn, Iewan Robyn, John Boscher le Waleys, David Fyn, Iewan son of Mewrich Cuach, John son of Walter Cuach, Lewelin Fadde, David son of Gwen le Waleys, Madoc le Waleys and Retharach Madoc.  Such a cast of characters one could expect to find under investigation anywhere in Walesin  : in this case, however, all were appar- ently residents of south Co. Tipperary. Now, one cannot prove that they landed in Ireland on the first boat in  , and they could conceivably be recent arrivals. But there are reasons for thinking otherwise. First, there was at least one Irishman among them (the interestingly named William son of Gilla Sasanach Ó Bruadair);  second, among them also was a William Not and a Henry Not, members of a family that had been in Ireland since at least  ;  and third, and surely most sig- nificantly, some of them bear Gaelic nicknames – like David Fionn ( ‘fair-haired’), Meurig Caoch (‘purblind’), and Llywelyn Fada (‘long’) – all of which suggests that these Welshmen were not a motley crew of newcomers to the Irish scene but rather men whose families had put down roots in Co. Tipperary and who themselves were well and truly at home in the shadow of Slievenamon. *** In an age when it took Welshmen, by Gerald of Wales’ calculation, eight days to travel overland from Anglesey in the north-west to Portskewett in the south-east, the attraction of Ireland must have been great. Less than a day’sjourney by boat – when Henry II left Ireland on Easter Monday  , he set sail from Wexford after dawn and put in at St Davids about noon – it had the advan- tage, as Gerald elsewhere claims, that on the voyage across one never at any stage lost sight of land on either shore.
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