C how would tanyas symptoms differ if she had been

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c. How would Tanya’s symptoms differ if she had been diagnosed with persistent depressive disorder? d. Discuss the ways that people with depressive disorders have trouble with psychological factors (Hint: what is the cognitive triad?). ANS: Answers may include:
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a. Bipolar II—mood disorder characterized by alternating periods of extremely depressed and mildly elevated moods; major depressive disorder—mood disorder characterized by extremely depressed moods or a lack of interest in normally pleasurable activities, persisting for 2 weeks or more; both disorders involve depressed mood, bipolar also involves periods of elevated positive mood. b. Bipolar I differs from bipolar II because it involves alternating between depression and true manic episodes—lasting at least a week, abnormally and persistently elevated mood, increased activity, impulsivity, grandiose ideas, racing thoughts, diminished need for sleep, extreme distractibility. c. Persistent depressive disorder differs from major depressive disorder because it involves a more mildly depressed mood (less intense symptoms) persisting for at least 2 years. d. One reason why some people develop depressive disorders may be because they are predisposed to psychological factors. How people react to stress may cause them to be more sensitive to stressful stimuli and react with stronger negative emotions. Similarly, Aaron Beck posits that depressed people are more likely to experience the cognitive triad—negative thoughts about themselves, their situations, and their futures. These perceptions influence one another causing people to overgeneralize based on single events, exaggerate the seriousness of bad events, think in extremes, and blame themselves for negative events. DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.2d MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication 9. Jacob’s behavior has become increasingly odd over the past several months. He says things like “ I am so frustrating!” He hears voices that tell him to steal groceries and he no longer expresses love and affection to his family. a. Diagnose Jacob as having a disorder of emotion, thought, or self. b. Discuss positive and negative symptoms and explain how Jacob’s behavior is consistent (or is not consistent) with these terms. c. Provide a discussion of one potential biological factor, environmental factor, and sociocultural factor that may have led to Jacob developing this disease. ANS: Answers may include: a. Jacob most likely has schizophrenia—a disorder of thought. b. Positive symptoms—excesses in functioning (addition of abnormal behaviors, thoughts, emotions). Jacob is experiencing delusions and disorganized speech; both are positive symptoms. Negative symptoms—deficits in functioning (lack of normal functioning).
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