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healing and social change - allows people who have difficulty expressing themselves verballyEmphasis on researchW- Lack of attention to proven techniques/strategies Therapists needs to establish a genuine, accepting, and understanding relationship with a client Overall belief that no one knows the client better than the client themselves Therapy emphasizes the client’s capacity for awareness and self-directed change inattitudes/behaviorsTherapist focuses on:Early emphasis on reflection of feelings Evolution of person-centered methods Role of assessmentApplication of philosophy of the person-centered Among each existential-humanistic approach covered in this topic, I believe that I align with this concept the most. I appreciate Rogers’ efforts towards allowing a client to take charge and form their own goals. I do believe that this can be a bit problematic, where a therapist should have some say. Another aspect I align with is the focus on how powerful a positive therapeutic relationship is, and I thinkthis should be emphasizedmore in other approaches. I also align with Natalie Rogers expressive arts therapy as I am someone who has difficulty expressing myself with words. Overall, I believe that everyone strives for self-actualization in life, where they are the ones who truly know themselves.
Stages of change modelStudents in-training and practitioners tend to be very supportive of clients’ w/o being challenging – basic misunderstanding of concepts leads to limited range of their responses and counseling styles to reflections and empathic listeningCounselors have difficulty in allowing clients to decide their own specific goals in therapyA therapist has to feel natural when being authentic and congruent – if not, therapy can bereduced to bland, safe, and ineffectualapproachApplication to crisis interventionApplication to group counseling Cognitive-Behavioral1.Behavior TherapyIndividuals are born with a blank slate, and with the tendency to move towards survival and through conditioning.An individual is the producer and product of their environment.Ivan PavlovB.F. SkinnerAlbert BanduraJoseph Wolpe Unconditioned and conditioned stimulus/responseSuccessive approximationShapingChainingClassical ConditioningOperant Conditioning Social Learning Approach Cognitive Behavioral TherapyS- challenges us to reconsider our global approach to counselingprecision in specifying goals, target behaviors, and procedures.wide variety of specific behavioral techniques at their disposalFunctional Assessment/behavioral analysisABC modelBehavioral Assessment InterviewProgressive muscle I believe that this therapy does align with my views sinc it seeks to identify and help change potentially self-destructive or unhealthy behaviors. I like how this therapy believes that behaviors are learned and that unhealthy behaviors can eventually be changed. This type of therapy is also beneficial for disorders found in children and adolescents, such as ADHD. Overall, I
Antecedent eventsPositive/negative reinforcement/punishmentExtinctionMindfulness Acceptance emphasis on research into and assessment of treatment