5% of the population in the world. Diagnosis Serum D-Dimer, Ultrasonography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and clinical manifestation, Computed Tomotherapy scan Risk Factors Older age, immobility, pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives or hormonal replacement, trauma, congestive heart failure, inherited disorder, malignancy Treatment Compression socks, Anticoagulant, elevation of legs, mobilization, lovenox, surgical treatments Deep Venous Thrombosis Pathophysiolog y Impaired venous return due to stasis of blood flow, endothelial damages and hypercoagulability Clotting factor and platelets accumulation around venous valves
CVI AND DVT 7 References Abdi, A. A., & Osman, A. (2017). Prevalence of common hereditary risks factors for thrombophilia in Somalia and identification of a novel Gln544Arg mutation in coagulation factor V. Journal of Thrombosis , 44(40, 536 – 543. - ezp.waldenuonlinelibrary.org/10.1007/s11239-017-1543-8 Davis, A. H. (2019). The seriousness of chronic venous disease: a review of real world evidence. Advances in Therapy. https:doi- org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1007/s12325-019-0881-7 DePopas E. & Brown M (2018). Varicose veins and lower extremity venous insufficiency. Seminars in Interventional Radiology. Retrieved form Galanaud, J. P., Monreal, M., & Kahn, S. R., (2018). Epidemiology of the post- thrombotic syndrome. Thrombosis research, 164, 100 – 109. - org.ezp.Waldenulibrary.org/10.10.1016/j.thromres.2017.07.026 Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Kartal, H., Erer, D., Oktar, G. L., Zor, M. H., Arslan, M., & Akkan, K. (2019). Ultrasound-accelerated catheter-assisted thrombolytic therapy applicatıons in deep vein thrombosis. Nigerian Journal Of Clinical Practice , 22 (3), 399–405. - org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_27_18
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- Venous insufficiency, Deep vein, chronic venous insufficiency