Week5_Application_community_assessment_exercise_week_5_REVISED

Vital statistics data hospital records census

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Vital statistics data Hospital records Census information Data from community s urveys Disease registries. Section B: Healthy People 2010 The Healthy People 2020 initiative is a national approach that identifies high priority health issues and establishes objectives to reduce the impact of these public health threats. To understand the significance of data on your own community, you have to be able to compare it to another standard. The questions in this section ask you about other standards that can be used. Questions: 1. How are Healthy People 2020 standards used? What are advantages and disadvantages to applying them at a local community level? (Note: you may use the Healthy People 2010 standards if the 2020 standards are not reported.) Healthy People 2010 standards has been used as a strategic management tool for the Federal Government, States, communities, and many other public- and private-sector partners. 2. Advantages: Wide availability Product of national process These are comprehensive. Disadvantages: 2
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These standerds lack in comparibility (between national, state and local population ) Applicability of measures used. Mixed blessings of uniform standards across sub-populations at risk. 3. 4. What other standards (national, state, or local) can be used? Following are the various other standards, that can be used: State-wide data Regional data National measures Local temporal trends National and local standards and guidelines for care. Section C: Health Indicators For this exercise, you will use an indicator approach to develop a community health assessment. A community health assessment involves three-step feedback loop. The first step in such an assessment involves identifying important health indicators. The second step involves matching those indicators with available data. In the third step, standards such as those explored in Section B are applied to the data gathered in the first two steps to transform it into useful information about health needs of the population. Health indicators are measurable health outcomes, such as death rate, insurance coverage measures, immunization rates, or other data items that are relevant to the health of a community. Indicators are thoughtfully selected data points that provide useful information about the health of a community. Note that each indicator should be: 1. An important health problem. 2. Prevalent or common in the community of interest. 3. Measurable on a community or population basis. There should be population data on a local level that is easily available—this cannot be collected from health facilities or providers because these data sources do not apply to the entire community. 4. Ideally, because we want to use a limited number of indicators, the indicator should not be redundant—not measure the same thing—as another chosen indicator.
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