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19) What is angiogenesis?A) small leakage of blood from the microvasculatureB) large leakage of blood from the large blood vesselsC) development of new blood vesselsD) weak bulges in the walls of small blood vesselsE) developments of perforations in the basement membrane of fenestrated capillariesAnswer: CDiff: 4 Page Ref: 6984
20) What happens when excessive angiogenesis occurs?ADiff: 4 Page Ref: 69821) Which of the following is an early sign of diabetic nephropathy?DDiff: 6 Page Ref: 69822) What is end-stage renal disease?ADiff: 4 Page Ref: 69823) What is parasthesia?A) simultaneous activation of afferent and efferent axons to the same region of the bodyB) abnormal sensation of the skin such as tingling or numbnessC) abnormal activation of motor neurons causing muscle twitchesD) unpleasant sensation produced by innocuous stimuliE) muscle spasmsAnswer: BDiff: 4 Page Ref: 69924) What is dysthesia?ADiff: 5 Page Ref: 6995
25) Diabetic neuropathies generally affect what area of the nervous system?CDiff: 4 Page Ref: 69926) Which of the following does NOT contribute to diabetes enhanced atherosclerosis?EDiff: 6 Page Ref: 70027) Which of the following is characteristic of diabetic cardiomyopathy?A) decreased stroke volumeB) decreased heart rateC) decreased size of the heartD) decreased likelihood of myocardial infarctionE) All of the aboveAnswer: ADiff: 6 Page Ref: 700