POLS
Decision2018.pptx

Race whites had previously outnumbered blacks in 2012

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Race Whites had previously outnumbered blacks In 2012 more blacks than whites voted These factors are often correlated with one another
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How Do We Know? Not surprisingly, polls will ask people whether they voted But they have to watch for social desirability bias Definition: trying to find favor in the eyes of an interviewer Applies for people’s views and actions, including non- politically
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Social Desirability Bias in Action “In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they weren't registered, they were sick, or they didn't have time. How about you – did you vote in the November 2004 election?” 1-Yes, I did vote in the 2004 Election 2-No, I did not vote in the 2004 Election According to this question, – 47.17% -- said they voted
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Social Desirability Bias in Action “In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people were not able to vote because they weren't registered, they were sick, or they didn't have time. How about you – did you vote in the November 2004 election?” 1- I did not vote (in the election this November) 2- I thought about voting this time but didn't 3- I usually vote but didn't this time 4- I am sure I voted According to this question, 35.29% -- Said they voted Voter validation studies
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Discussion Questions What could be done to encourage more people to vote (including people being informed voters)? Have you ever participated in politics in a manner other than voting? How? If you were to participate above and beyond voting, how would you do so?
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0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 Reasons Given For Not Voting in the 2012 Presidential Election Source: Voting and Registration Supplement, Current Population Survey, Census Bureau, Percentages
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Efforts to Expand Suffrage, Ease Registration Requirements and Voting Procedures
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History of Suffrage in the United States Suffrage (the right to vote) initially restricted to white, male landowners Even as it has expanded rapidly, many people still do not vote
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Then: Expanding Suffrage Then: Expanding Suffrage Now: Making Voting Easier Now: Making Voting Easier 15 th Amendment (1870) – Black males, 21+ 19 th Amendment (1920) – Women 23 rd Amendment (1961) – Washington, D.C. residents 24 th Amendment (1964) – Poll taxes outlawed 26 th Amendment (1971) – 18-20 year olds Likewise, remember the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which helped enforce the 15 th amendment Motor voter Shorter closing dates Election and same day registration Early voting History of Suffrage in the United States
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National Voter Registration Act - 1993 Combines voter registration with other bureaucratic tasks AKA Motor Voter DMV and voter registration in one Also allows registration at public assistance agencies Intended to help reduce the registration requirement…Did it work?
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Voter Registration Reforms Onerous legal barriers are now gone (and still being removed)
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