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a.Bernard is unlikely to create an ethical workplace, because the attitude of top management influences employee ethics7.Patrick, the human resources manager at Acme Company, must decide how to cut personnel costs. This decision will harm employees who are laid off or fired. Patrick must balance the interests of employees who have been loyal to the firm for a long time against the interests of:a.Acme’s shareholders8.Sanderson worked in a travel–service office and had access to the reservation systems of several airlines. Sanderson accessed the system and replaced the names of passengers with fictitious names. She also enrolled the fake names in
the airlines' frequent–flyer programs. Her husband set up mailboxes under those names for the delivery of free airline tickets "earned" under the frequent–flyer programs. Real passengers were not harmed by and did not complain of the deception. The Sandersons’ behavior was:a.Unethical and illegal, because their actions constituted theft from the airlines9.Bribery is acceptable in certain foreign countries. Indeed, U.S. Development, Inc., has found that the only way it can ensure delivery on certain contracts in these countries is to bribe the officials. This isa.Permitted by U.S. law if the payment is made to the minor official to speed up administrative procedures10.Cora owns a Christian bookstore and tries to run it in accordance with Judeo–Christian values. Cora learns that Margo, one of her employees, has been takingmoney from the cash register and giving it to homeless people who come into the store. Under an analysis of duty–based ethics with a religious foundation, Margo’s behavior is:a.Not acceptable because stealing is never justifiable 11.Olivia makes a negative statement about her employer on her social media account. Her manager sees it and fires her for violating the company’s social media policy. Olivia claims that she has a right to state whatever she wants on her own site and that she cannot be fired. Does Olivia have a valid argument?a.Yes, because federal labor law protects employees’ rights to engage in concerted activities12.Carly is a manager at a business. When she has a job opening, she regularly does Internet searches on the applicants to see if they have social media accounts. If so, she reviews whatever she can access. Her findings, or lack of findings, go into her notes and may influence whether she interviews and ultimately hires an applicant. Carly’s actions are:a.Clearly legal but ethically uncertain13.Gamma corporation, an American company, signs a contract with Theta corporation, a corporation from another nation, where Theta will provide Gamma with certain raw materials. Because of the economy in its nation, there are many more people looking for jobs than there are jobs available. Theta hiresemployees at extremely low wages and does not maintain facilities up to American standards. Newspapers accuse Gamma of engaging in unethical behavior. Is Gamma’s behavior ethical?