Significance: under his rule, Christianity was legalized, which made the religion popular, convenient and widespread. This also meant an end to violent persecution. Won Battle of Milvian Bridge (AD 313) “In this sign conquer” Founded Christianized Constantinople Perpetua Who: 22-year-old martyr, stood up and died for her faith Where: Carthage When: 200 AD Significance: Was loyal to God over her father and state. St. Anthony Who: a prosperous peasant who went to the desert to live a life for Christ and pursue holiness Where: originally from Egypt, he went into the desert When: 250 – 350 A.D.
Significance: followed Jesus’ instructions of throwing off all earthly possessions and following Christ, he gave to the poor and pursued holiness, fought off the temptations of Satan. He was the founder of monasticism and leader of the desert fathers. Arianism What: anti-trinity. Believed that Jesus was created Where: Egypt When: 3 rd and 4 th century Asceticism What: self-denial for spiritual enlightenment Where: the deserts of the Roman empire When: 300’s – 400’s A.D. Significance: focused on the pursuit of holiness and the literal interpretation of Jesus’ commands to give up material possessions and live simply. By denying the flesh and the material aspects of the world, they could grow closer to God and grow spiritually. Council of Nicea, AD 325 What: the first ecumenical council of the church Where: Nicea When: 325 A.D. Significance: defined who Jesus was and upheld his divinity. Asserted that Jesus was fully God and fully human. It established the universal beliefs of the church. Edict of Milan, AD 313 What: officially Christianity legal Where: Milan (Roman Empire) When: 313 A.D. Significance: because Christianity became legal, the persecution of Christians ended. This official recognition of Christianity helped the religion become a major force in history to follow. It also prompted a movement away from the devoted Christianity of the martyrs. Jerome What: scholar who translated the Bible into Latin Where: Rome When: 345 – 420 A.D. Significance: he created the Latin Vulgate, a translation of scriptures, which became the standard translation for the Catholic church. This translation allowed the general public to read the Bible. Monastic[ Monasticism What: a life lived separate from the world, for Christ Where: Roman empire When: 300’s – 400’s A.D. Significance: wanted to live in solitude, strict rules, copied book, life devoted to prayer, helped spread Christianity, Benedictine Monastic rule focused on a more moderate and not such a drastic divide from the world. “The Great Persecution” What: Roman empire is divided but Diodetian still has ultimate control. Under the pressure of Galerius, Diodetian begins to persecute Christians Where: Roman Empire When: beginning of the 4 th century
Significance: Because Christians were persecuted those that were Christians were strong in their faith. When they were persecuted they would stand up for their faith and be a good witness for Christ.
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