End of Sectin Review Questions Study Group Version

Differences in culture that is basic values and

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Differences in culture, that is basic values and beliefs, are a second source of conflict Realist o Assumptions International system is in a constant state of anarchy There is no actor above states capable of regulating their interactions; states must arrive at relations with other states on their own, rather than it being dictated to them by some higher controlling entity In pursuit of national security, states strive to attain as many resources as possible States are rational unitary actors each moving towards their own national interest The overriding 'national interest' of each state is its national security and survival Relations between states are determined by their levels of power derived primarily from their military and economic capabilities BS&O chapter 24 o Culture – wherever human beings form communities Awareness of a common language, ethnicity, history, religion, and landscape represent the building blocks o Cultures almost always embody ideas and practices that support patterns of domination or hegemony within and between societies
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o Religious affiliations have historically been among the most powerful of influences o The rational and scientific foundations of Western modernity have challenged all religious faiths since 18 th century o End of the Cold War – reshaping of world politics, triumph of the West, a new age of globalized capitalism Culture offered a way of understanding the similarities and differences of the new age Existing communities and cultures were in closer contact with each other Power of global capitalism and its consumer culture looked immense o Globalization did create a cosmopolitan consumer culture which was apt to make different parts of the world more alike Multicultural settings create multiple identities, and so challenge the totems of existing cultures as well as the interests of some of those within them Tends to undermine patriarchal culture o Clash of civilizations Keys to Huntington The relative decline of the West The rise of the Asian economy and its associated cultural affirmation, with China poised to become the greatest power in human history A population explosion in the Muslim world and the associated resurgence of Islam The impact of globalization, including the extraordinary expansion of transnational flows of commerce, information, and people new international order Differences between civilizations ran deep Man and God Man and woman Individual and the state Notions of rights, authority, obligation, and justice States remain key actors Civilizations politics became real when states and peoples identified with each other’s cultural concerns or allied around the “core state” of a civilization
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Problems with Huntington’s argument Failed to tell the stories of interaction and synthesis that have always gone on between civilizations
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