Ira 2008 remained in effect until the parliament

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Commission (NIRC). IRA 2008 remained in effect until the Parliament passed the remarkable Eighteenth Amendment in April 2010. The approval of Eighteenth amendment abolished the Concurrent Legislative List (CLL) (57). The rationale behind the approval of Eighteenth Amendment was to give more autonomy to the provinces. The amendment made the Federal Government incapable of promulgating legislations which affect provinces. C. Provincial response on eighteenth constitutional amendment The Eighteenth Constitutional Amendment devolved the labour and 47 other subjects of Concurrent Legislative List (CLL) in April 2010 to the provinces. This amendment is considered to be a historic political development which led to the decentralization of power and autonomy to the < %5 Cstory_27-1-2010 pg7_ 1>. (56) IRO 2002, § 1(4) ("Provided that the Federal Government may suspend, in the public interest, byan order published in the official Gazette, the application of this Ordinance to any establishment or industry for a period specified in the order not exceeding six months at a time.") replaced with IRA, section.1(4) (2008), online: <" target=_blank>> (regarding excluding the public interest article). (57) IRA 2008, § 87(3) (a stipulated condition in the IRA of 2008 ultimately annulled on 30th April, 2010); See alsoA. Mukhtar, Centre's Move to Enact Labour Laws Seen as Trespass, Dawn Newspaper, 30thMay, 2011), 1/05/30/centers-move-to-enact-parallel- labour- laws-seen-as-trespass.html (The IRA, 2008, accordance to the Section 87(3), automatically abrogated on 30th April, 2010). Both the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Superior Courts of Pakistan interpreted that the abrogation was the virtual consequences of Section 87(3) of IRA, 2008. The Concurrent Legislative List (CLL) gives power to promulgate legislation to the federal and provincial governments. Pursuant to 18th Amendment, the power of federal government on promulgation of laws was abolished about the matter mentioned in the CLL. The power exclusively transferred to the provinces on such subjects.
YU SHUHONG -MALIK ZIA-UD-DIN, Analyzing the Labour Issues in Pakistan LLI, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2017, ISSN2421-2695C. 36 provinces for the betterment and positive change in common people’s life. The eighteenth amendment has altered about one hundred clauses of around two hundred and eight articles of the Constitution of Pakistan, which would have a “profound impact on the way the country is governed and its economy is managed”(58).Federal legislation has been overruling the provincial legislation for many years, which created unrest between the Provinces on the issue of autonomy (59). The most important provisions relating to the labour legislations in the Council of Common Interest (CCI) (60) comprised of the following: i) Labour condition and welfare, provident fund, worker’s compensation and employer’s responsibility; ii) Industrial Relations, Industrial Disputes and Trade Unions; iv)

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