Beccaria through classical criminology theory based

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Beccaria, through Classical Criminology theory, based crime on a kind of free-will rationalistic hedonism. He proposed a simple model of human choice that was based on a rational calculation of costs and benefits. He suggested that punishment should be proportional tothe severity of the offense committed. It was his belief that the cost of crime should always exceed its reward. It was Beccaria who proposed the various reforms to make criminal justice practice more logical and rational. He objected to the barbaric punishments of that time. The following principles summarizes his idea of how to make criminal justice system both just and effective.
These principles are that: the role of legislatures should be to define crimes and the specific punishments for each of them; the role of the judges is to determine guilt; the seriousness of crime should be determined by the harm it caused; punishment should be proportional to the crime committed; punishment are unjust when their severity exceeds what is necessary to achieve deterrent; excessive severity does not only fail to deter crime, but also actually increases it, he went further to state that severe punishment emboldens men. He said punishments should be prompt, that is, should be within same time frame as the time crime was committed, as the closer the time in between, the more effective; lastly, he said punishment should be certain.Beccaria also emphasize that the laws should be published so that the public may know what they are and support their intent and purpose. He said torture, secret accusations, and capital punishment should be abolished and replaced by imprisonment, that jail be more humane.He said the law should not distinguish between the rich and the poor.Though Beccaria was seen as a protest writer who sought to change the excesses and cruel punishments on criminals, his views were equally seen as radical, and his book docked in the forbidden books index in 1766 by the Roman Catholic Church, it was later accepted as evidenced in the American Civil War of 1776 and the French Revolution of 1789.Today, most of his recommendations and suggestions are found in every aspects of the American Criminal Justice System. The laws are codified in 18 U.S. Code PART II—CRIMINAL PROCEDURE. It is the same law for every citizen of the United States irrespective of class, sex, or race. The legislators now make the laws while the judge determines guilt, which they sometimes do working with the jury. There are different degrees of murder to ascertain the appropriate punishment for which. To ensure that punishment is prompt, some sentences are backdated. I just discovered that the United States’ first criminal code was the Crimes Act of 1790, which was after Beccaria’s book of July 1764.DB 1 Thread - ScrippsEric Scripps - Yesterday 8:57 PMIntroductionThe ideas and insights of Cesare Beccaria are very evident in today’s criminal justice system in America. Beccaria’s work was completed at a time when the criminal justice systems in place were subjective to

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