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specifically, between the month of July and August 2016. Having been appraised twice, indicated that teachers understood aspects of the current appraisal system; particularly, how it operates—well enough to give their responses. 4.3 Nature of the current appraisal system To address this objective, the study sought to establish teachers‘ responses on the nature of the current appraisal process, specifically; how it is conducted, who the appraisers are and methods used to evaluate teachers. 4.3.1How appraisal process is conducted The findings established that 72% of the teachers understood that the current appraisal is conducted in a formal way, 26% thought that it was conducted both in a formal and informal way whereas 2% said that it was conducted in an informal way. According to the teachers, formal way meant that the appraiser used a structured appraisal form with standard ratings to evaluate them based on how they had performed on each job criteria. They further explained that both the appraiser and appraisee had to agree on the marks awarded to the teacher. What is positive in this appraisal is the fact that the appraiser and appraisee have to agree on the marks awarded. In the event they don‘tagree on the marks given an arbitrator is always called upon to settle the issue hence reducing biasness. Other teachers explained that formal way of conducting appraisals meant that the appraisers used the structured appraisal form with standard ratings to evaluate their performance during formal classroom hours. It was interesting to note that 26 %explained that appraisal was done both in a formal and informal way. Formal way is whereby the appraisers used the structured appraisal form to appraise teachers based on their performance. They understood the process as informal because there was no structured or restricted time for appraisal process. The appraiser and appraisee
39 could always agree on the time that suited their schedule for the appraisal process. Other teachers‘explained that it was informal because of the good friendship that existed between the appraiser and appraisee which created a friendly environment for discussions hence not adhering to the formality that is required. It was also interesting to note that one teacher stated that the process was conducted in an only informal way. His reason was that he expected to be directed during the appraisal process but instead found himself exchanging ideas at the same level with the appraiser on what needs be done. The above findings therefore implied that a majority of teachers were appraised using formal methods; whereby, the appraisers used a structured form, with a standard rating scale to evaluate teachers based on each job criteria. Figure 4.1 below shows how appraisals were conducted. Figure 4.1 below shows how the appraisal process is conducted.